Crime & Deviance: Topic 10

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  • Created by: Ashley2K
  • Created on: 18-06-17 16:34
Why is Durkheim interested in suicide?
Durkheim believed he could show that suicide has social causes proving sociology was distinct and genuinely scientific discipline.
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What does Durkheim believe our behaviour is caused by?
Social facts. 1. They are external to individuals 2. They constrain individuals 3. They are greater than individuals
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What patterns did Durkheim discover in regards to suicide?
Durkheim found 1. Suicide rates remained more or less constant over time 2. When the rates did change is coincided with others societal changes 3. Different societies have different rates
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What two social facts determine the rate of suicide according to Durkheim?
1. Social integration:the extent of which individuals experience a sense of belonging to a group 2. Moral regulations: the extent of the individuals' actions and desires are kept in check by norms and values.
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What are the four types of suicide identified by Durkheim?
1. Egoistic suicide: too little integration 2. Altruistic: too much integration, putting others before oneself 3. Anomic suicide: too little moral regulation, times of change 4. Fatalistic: too much moral regulation
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What type of suicide do modern industrial societies cause more?
They cause egoistic suicides as they have lower levels of integration.
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What type of suicide do modern industrial societies cause more?
They cause altruistic as they have higher levels of integration.
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Why does Douglas criticise Durkheim's study of suicide?
The use of suicide statistics, thrown by coroner.
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Card 2

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What does Durkheim believe our behaviour is caused by?

Back

Social facts. 1. They are external to individuals 2. They constrain individuals 3. They are greater than individuals

Card 3

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What patterns did Durkheim discover in regards to suicide?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What two social facts determine the rate of suicide according to Durkheim?

Back

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Card 5

Front

What are the four types of suicide identified by Durkheim?

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