Development and globalisation ALL case studies.

A documement containing all development and globalisation case studies I learnt including:

  • NIC/RIC, Malayasia
  • BRICS, China
  • India and offshore IT services
  • TNC, Coca cola
  • Trade bloc, EU
  • LLEDC, Bangladesh
  • Costa Rica and sustainable tourism
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Development and globalisation:
NIC/RIC, Malaysia:

Until the 1980s the economy was based on primary products such as rubber, palm
oil, timber, tin, oil.
It has emerged as the leader of the second wave of Asian `tiger economies'
averaging, between 1990 and mid 1997, an annual growth rate of 8%.
It…

Page 2

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Disparities between rich and the poor areas of China e.g. Eastern China and urban
China are wealthier than rural and western areas.
Increased FDI.
Increasing GDP and rising average wages.
Low wages in some areas.
400 million people lifted out of poverty in the last two decades.

Environmental:

Increased car…

Page 3

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Positive:

Employs 92,400 people.
Education programs.
Health initiatives ­ educating people about HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis.
Disaster relief donating money and clean water.
The replenish Africa initiatives (RAIN) providing clean water sources.
Coca cola youth foundation in the UK (youth education).

Economic:

Donates to charities e.g. $2 million to the red…

Page 4

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To promote peace on the continent and guarantee future prosperity.
To reduce tariffs and other trade barriers between members.
To establish common external tariffs on imports from outside the union.
To allow free movement of capital, labour and other factors of production.
To establish common policies on agriculture, industry, fishing,…

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Loss of control over their own economies.
If they share the currency they must have austerity measures after the recession
(reduced wages, higher taxes, and cuts to education, health, welfare, and
infrastructure spending).
Could disadvantage crop sales in a free market.
As they joined late they didn't get a say…

Page 6

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Development spending has been concentrated on a number of different priorities
such as in 1970s reducing the cost of food for the poor, irrigation and flood
defences. In the 1980s focused on agricultural development and then in the 1990s on
small scale infrastructure such as roads.
In the 21 century…

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Too many tourists in some areas.
Feeding the animals means they stay near humans.
Businesses falsely present themselves as being eco ­ friendly.
Locals exploited as cheap labour.

Comments

Dominic

Really good - thank you!

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