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OCD
1. What is OCD and what are its main features?
Anxiety disorder
Compelled by irrational fears and thoughts, however they are unable to
dissuade themselves from performing the tasks.
Obsessions ­ Involuntary thoughts, images or impulses. E.g. washing
to get rid of germs
Compulsions ­ Repetitive behaviours, such as…

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Begins to appear in adolescents and early 20's, takes an average of
10 yrs to seek professional help. Public appearance contrast to actual
mental state (appear `normal' in public situations) ­ secret disorder.

Obsessive habits not same as OCD ­ parallels most have OC habits
when nervous or stressed. Becomes…

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Individual difference
Schizophrenia
Brain disorder
Altered perception of reality
1 out of 100 have it
Common symptoms:
o Hallucination
o Delusions

Textbook definition
This is a complex disorder. Some people with schizophrenia will have
hallucinations (such as hearing voices) and delusions (e.g. paranoid
delusions, where they feel persecuted by others).…

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Deviation from social norms (DSN)
Social norms ­ Explicit and implicit rules governing behaviour
Behaviours are abnormal if they do not fit into the norms of acceptable
behaviours.

Example:
Schizophrenia Talking to self isn't deemed normal in society.

Limitations:
Social norms differ in different place. This means that this definition…

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Failure to function adequately (FFA)
Focuses on everyday behaviour e.g. family life, going to work etc.
A change in an individuals normal pattern of behaviour may indicate a
psychological disorder.

Example:
Depression ­ Depressed people can't get up, so therefore they will be late to
go to work. This means…

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Deviation from ideal mental health (DIMH)
Define normal or ideal, unlike the other definitions.
Jahoda (1958)
o 6 criteria
An individual should be in touch with their own identity and
feelings
They should be resistant to stress
They should be focused on the future and selfactualisation
They should function as…

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Outline and evaluate one definition of abnormality
(6 marks)
One definition of abnormality is "Deviation of social norms". This is when a
person's behaviour doesn't comply with explicit and implicit rules. An example of
this would be someone with schizophrenia, as this could manifest itself by the
person talking to…

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