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Children aged between 4 and 10 were interviewed and asked how they would
contribute money from a picture sale based on a scenario they were read (the picture
The results were that children aged 4-5 tended to focus on what they wanted, or tried to
justify reasons why they should have more for themselves based on arbitrary
characteristics e.g. gender. Between 5 and 7 years old, children thought that everyone
should have an equal share of the profit. From 7 years onwards, children responses
showed consideration for different merit. From 10+, responses were based on
From these results he created a MODEL OF DISTRIBUTIVE JUSTICE:
1.LEVEL 1-SIMPLE SELF INTEREST= Reasoning is based on what they want.
2.LEVEL 2-ARBITARY SELF INTEREST=Reasoning is based on what they want, but
justified with arbitrary reasoning.
3.LEVEL 3- STRICT EQUALITY=Everyone get's an equal amount of money.
4.LEVEL 4-DISTRIBUTIVE CALCULATIONS=Reasoning is based on merit.
5.LEVEL 5-DISTRUBUTION BASED ON NEEDS=Reasoning is based on who needs
the money the most.
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· Damon's research suggests reasoning about distributive justice becomes more sophisticated with age. KRUGER points
out that children's understanding of distributive justice, although shaped by parents, is mostly influenced by the "give
and take" if peer interactions. This suggests that measuring distributive justice has predictive validity because it's based
on children real life experiences.
· Damon recreated the dilemma scenario in real life, splitting them into groups based on age and ability.…read more