Definition of Distributive Justice
The belief's of how to divide material goods fairly.
Piaget theory of Distributive Justice
-7: Authority figures are fair
7-12: Everyone should be equal
12+: Consider other factors
- Longitudinal Study
- Early to middle age children (4-10)
- Asked how to distribute money in their class
- 4-5: Self + Arbitrary factors
- 5-7: Equal share
- 7+: Individual merit
- 8-9+: Based on need
Personal gain (5 Years) - Sharing is important and focus on self-intrest
Strict Equality (5-6 Years) - Everyone gets equal
Merit (6-7 Years) - Extra reward for working harder
Equity and Benevolence (8 Years) - Extra reward for the disadvantaged
- Older children rely on equality and interaction.
Hienz Dilemma - Wife near death so he steals her medication as he is unable to pay.
72 Middle and Lowerclass Boys (10, 13 and 16 years) asked questions such as should he steal the medication? Why?
- Younger - Reward and Punishment
- Older - Intention and Acceptance
3 stages each with 2 stages - Invariant and Irreversible
Pre conventional stage - 1. Punishment and Obedience (Avoiding Punishment)
- 2. Instrumental - Relatavist (Reward)
Conventional - 3. Good boy/Nice girl (Please others)
- 4. Law and Order (Obey law)
Pro conventional stage - 5. Social contact (Rights and laws changed by an agreed process)
- 6. Morality of Individuals (Individual morals are important not laws)
- Does the process really go through all the 6 stages?
- Is the process really invariant and irreversible?
- Culture bias
- Gender bias
- Ecological Validity - Low
- Predictive Validity - Low
- Support from Snarey (1985)