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  • Created by: bethcx
  • Created on: 07-06-16 20:49

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Freud believed that moral development is related to the phallic stage and
the super ego. In the phallic stage he believes they experience Oedipus/
Electra Complex and during this the child feels unconscious hostility,
resulting in guilt. Resolution occurs through identification with the same-
sex parent.
He believes that the superego acts as an internalised parent. The ego-
ideal reward you when you behave in accordance with parental moral
values. It is the source of feelings of pride and self-satisfaction, acting as
the `rewarding' parent. Your conscience punishes you when you do
something wrong. It is an internal representation of the `punishing' parent
and is composed of prohibitions imposed on you by your parents. The
conscience appears at age 5 or 6 and is a source of `guilt feelings'.
Unsatisfactory resolution of the phallic stage results in problems such as
amorality, homosexuality, or rebelliousness.

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· Freud predicted that there's an inverse relationship between guilt and wrongdoing; the more guilt a person
experiences the less likely they are to do wrong. This is supported by MACKINNON who gave 100 participants a
test and left them alone with the answer book. They found that of those who cheated (around 50%) most said that
they did not feel guilty.…read more

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