Crowded Coasts

Entire revision notes on crowded coasts.

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: charlotte
  • Created on: 03-01-11 17:11
Preview of Crowded Coasts

First 222 words of the document:

Crowded coasts
What is a coast?
A coast is the part of the land most affected by its proximity to the sea &
the part of the sea most affected by its proximity to the land.
To be offshore is about 0 to 200km offshore.
To be onshore is about 0 to 60km inland.
What are the characteristics of a crowded coast?
High population density.
Over developed settlement. No space for new development.
Water activity.
Trade on coast front.
A thriving economy.
Natural ecosystems can be destroyed or disrupted.
Excellent transport links.
Presence of coast defences (if there is need) in good condition.
Un-natural looking.
Foot path erosion.
CBD moves from the sea-front inwards.
Land prices most expensive near the sea front. Skyscrapers.
Attractive scenery.
Buildings on sea front.
Wide beach front.
Clean blue sea.
Sandy beach.
Warm climate.
3 billion people live within 100km of the coast.
Why do coastlines vary?
Rock type.
Fetch of waves.
Constructive & destructive waves.
Coastal type.
Presence of a beach.
Presence of coastal defences.
Human activity/settlements.
Tidal range.
Prevailing wind.

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

Coasts can be used for anything because they are so dynamic.
Case Study: The Growth & Development of a Coastal Settlement.
It was one of Europe's leading resorts for 100 years.
It was thought to be fashionable to visit the seaside. Also good for
The presence of railways increased visitors.
From the late 1800's the population increased.
This continued at a more speedy rate between 1900 & 19 60.
It then has declined to the present.…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

Seaside resort notes.
Have been popular for centuries.
Sea-bathing is part of health.
In the 1700's were thought to be a scenic offshore bath.
There has been easier access to resort e.g. Railways in the 1800's &
Cheap flight in the present.
Seaside culture has spread across the world.
British resorts struggle to keep going & all countries have been
strongly influenced.
Competition for coasts
Why is the coastal zone attractive to developers?
Coasts traditionally attracted settlement.
European countries built around natural ports for trade.…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

The greatest number of inward migrants
consists of families and retired people moving from northern US cities to
Florida's warm climate.
But population growth comes at a cost:
Wetland area has already shrunk by 80%-freshwater problems for
residents in future years.
9% of Florida lies less than 2metres above sea level-regularly
experiences hurricanes-major problem along with coastal
flooding-damage costs rising.
How can these problems be managed...…read more

Page 5

Preview of page 5

Here's a taster:

Salt marshes:
Are found along low coasts where the boggy ground is flooded by
the sea
Most UK salt marshes are reclaimed for farmland
Coastal protection-reduce wave energy
Hotspots for human activity which is contaminating them
Salt marshes are being used for housing due to increase in coastal
Global warming may reduce the tolerance of the salt marshes may
not be able to adapt
Case Study; Land reclamation.
The World, Dubai.
Located 4km off the Coast.
Constructed in the shape of the world.…read more

Page 6

Preview of page 6

Here's a taster:

3000 jobs were created.
There was an improvement of infrastructure.
However it increased overcrowding, increased house prices & made
congestion worse.
Many habitats were destroyed for 50,000 water birds.
There is always the risk of oil & fuel spills.
How can the development of coastal settlements be controlled?
Government or council conserving land e.g. Greenbelts.
Planning restrictions on buildings.
Limits on the number of new buildings.
Environmentalists buying & preserving land.…read more

Page 7

Preview of page 7

Here's a taster:

How is coastal development increasingly at risk from, & vulnerable to,
physical processes?"
Risk from coastal erosion and flooding cause some social, economic and
environmental impacts on coastal areas, further increasing the risk. There
are three different situations to bear in mind:
1. Rapid erosion.
2. Increased flooding.
3. tidal waves.
A majority of the world's population live in low-lying coastal areas. Storm
surges are going to rise due to sea level rise; this is caused by global
warming.…read more

Page 8

Preview of page 8

Here's a taster:

Soft-engineering management: makes use of natural systems, such as
beaches, sand dunes and salt marshes, to help with coastal defences.
Generally less expensive and are environmentally friendly, however the
public tend to perceive them as giving up or taking the easy route.
Coastal management is based on whether the threat is from erosion or
flooding. In developing shoreline management plan, hour broad options
them become available:
1. do nothing.
2. retreat the line.
3. hold the line.
4. advance the line.
Storm surges.…read more

Page 9

Preview of page 9

Here's a taster:

Failure of existing sea defences.
New types of coastal management allow flooding of farmland.
Vulnerable to Tsunami's.
Issues along the Jurassic Coast.
Managing a stretch of coastline involves taking into consideration all
the issues along the coast, as well as all the stakeholders view's, it's
a difficult process & takes a lot of time.
Management strategies for the future.
Modern coastal management has changed the way it considers protecting
the coast, it now recognises & takes into account;
Tackling issues together.
Ensuring strategies are sustainable.…read more


Former Member

its a very useful resource full of detail but all the case studies are different to what I do

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all resources »