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Crowded coasts
What is a coast?

A coast is the part of the land most affected by its proximity to the sea &
the part of the sea most affected by its proximity to the land.

To be offshore is about 0 to 200km offshore.
To be onshore is about…

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Coasts can be used for anything because they are so dynamic.

Case Study: The Growth & Development of a Coastal Settlement.

It was one of Europe's leading resorts for 100 years.
It was thought to be fashionable to visit the seaside. Also good for
The presence of railways…

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Seaside resort notes.
Have been popular for centuries.
Sea-bathing is part of health.
In the 1700's were thought to be a scenic offshore bath.
There has been easier access to resort e.g. Railways in the 1800's &
Cheap flight in the present.
Seaside culture has spread across the world.

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estimated to be $1.9 trillion. The greatest number of inward migrants
consists of families and retired people moving from northern US cities to
Florida's warm climate.

But population growth comes at a cost:
Wetland area has already shrunk by 80%-freshwater problems for
residents in future years.
9% of Florida lies…

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Salt marshes:
Are found along low coasts where the boggy ground is flooded by
the sea
Most UK salt marshes are reclaimed for farmland
Coastal protection-reduce wave energy
Hotspots for human activity which is contaminating them
Salt marshes are being used for housing due to increase in coastal

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& take 9 years to build
3000 jobs were created.
There was an improvement of infrastructure.
However it increased overcrowding, increased house prices & made
congestion worse.
Many habitats were destroyed for 50,000 water birds.
There is always the risk of oil & fuel spills.

How can the…

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"How is coastal development increasingly at risk from, & vulnerable to,
physical processes?"

Risk from coastal erosion and flooding cause some social, economic and
environmental impacts on coastal areas, further increasing the risk. There
are three different situations to bear in mind:
1. Rapid erosion.
2. Increased flooding.
3. tidal…

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Soft-engineering management: makes use of natural systems, such as
beaches, sand dunes and salt marshes, to help with coastal defences.
Generally less expensive and are environmentally friendly, however the
public tend to perceive them as giving up or taking the easy route.

Coastal management is based on whether the threat…

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Failure of existing sea defences.
New types of coastal management allow flooding of farmland.
Vulnerable to Tsunami's.

Issues along the Jurassic Coast.
Managing a stretch of coastline involves taking into consideration all
the issues along the coast, as well as all the stakeholders view's, it's
a difficult process & takes…


Former Member


its a very useful resource full of detail but all the case studies are different to what I do

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