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INTENTIONALIST HISTORIANS
Hildebrand, Hillgruber
Hitler was omnipotent.
Hitler's ideological aims remained constant throughout his life:
Creation of national community organised along racial lines.
Thousand year Reich.
Theory of the struggle through which the Aryan race and German nation would be
saved from Communism and destroy Bolshevism.
Restoration of Germany as a great military power and destruction of Versailles.
Lebensraum.…read more

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INTENTIONALIST HISTORIANS
There were only deviations from Hitler's programme for pragmatic reasons.
Hitler is central to an interpretation of the events between 1933-39.
Dietrich:
"For the dictator held a key position precisely because of the confusion of
conflicting power groups and personal connections".
Evans:
"Hitler laid down the broad general principles that policy had to follow...all they
[underlings] had to do was fill in the small print".…read more

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INTENTIONALIST: HITLER WAS THE
DRIVE TOWARDS WAR.
Foreign policy was the area that Hitler took the most consistent and detailed
interest in.
Form becoming Chancellor Hitler subordinated every other aspect of policy
to support the overriding aim of war,
Which created stresses on the economy, society and political system as a result.
Bullock:
"Hitler's originality lay not in his idea, but in the terrifying literal way in which he
set to work to translate these ideas into reality...[his colleagues] never
underestimated the ascendency which he was able to establish over all who came
into frequent contact with him".…read more

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CENTRAL ROLE OF HITLER: DIVIDE AND
RULE
Jackel and Hildebrand
Nazi state = `sole rule' where all essential political decisions are taken by
Hitler.
Nazi state therefore monocratic (State governed by one person).
What about the fair degree of infighting between different power blocs?
(Between Economics ministry and the Office for the Four Year Plan).
Intentionalists argue that such chaos was a deliberate result of Hitler's policy of
divide and rule.…read more

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DIVIDE AND RULE
Dietrich:
Describes the chaos and competition within the Nazi state as a "witch's cauldron of
struggles for position and conflicts".
"With this technique [divide and rule] he systematically disorganised the upper
echelons of the Reich leadership in order to develop and further his own will until it
became a despotic tyranny".
Haffner:
"Various autonomous authorities were ranged alongside and against one another,
without defined boundaries, in competition and overlapping ­ and he was at the
head of them".
Hitler had the understanding that "absolute rule was not possible in an intact state
organism but only amid controlled chaos".…read more

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