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TANGLIN TRUST SCHOOL

AQA AS GEOGRAPHY



mock



REVISION GUIDE





Physical Geography



UNIT 1


COLD ENVIRONMENTS


NAME...................................




Example questions!

Questions................ Do
ne

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1 What are the three types of cold environments? For each one describe the location and
key characteristics.
2 What is an ice age? What are the times in between ice ages called?
3 When was the Quaternary period? When did ice leave the British Isles?
4 What are the…

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48 What is a kettle hole? Describe the main features & formation of this landform?
49 Why are braided streams common in these areas?
50 What are pro glacial lakes and overflow channels? Give an example and explain the
formation.
51 What is periglaciation?
52 Where will you find periglacial…

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Calving
Corrie/Cirque
Crag and tail
Compressional
flow
Cold based
glacier
Drift
Drumlin
Englacial
Erratic
Equilibrium line
Esker
Extensional flow
Frost heave
Freeze thaw
Fiord/Fjord
Firn
Fluvioglacial
Landforms
Fluvioglacial
processes
Glacial system
Glacial Budget
Glacial movement
Glacial processes
Glacial
valley/trough
Ground
contraction
Groundwater
freezing
Hanging Valley
Internal
flow/deformation
Ice Age
Ice…

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Nunatak
Outwash plain
Output
Proglacial lake
Pingo
Patterned ground
Plucking
Pyramid Peak
Pressure melting
point
Permafrost
Ribbon lake
Roche
Moutonnee
Sandur
Sublimation
Subglacial
Supraglacial
Scree
Solifluction
Solifluction lobes
Stone circles
Sriations
Thermokarst
Tarn/corrie lake
Till
Till fabric analysis
Tundra
Terminal Moraine
Varve
Weathering
Warm based
glacier




















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EXAMPLE QUESTIONS

1 Describe the features of the glacier in the picture below. 3







2 Identify the landforms in the diagram below.









3 Describe and explain how the landscape has changed from the first to the last diagram below.
Annotate the diagram to help you.







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4 Identify the following on the OS map below. Cirque ­ arête ­ hanging valley ­ tarn ­ truncated
spur and U shaped valley.


5 Identify the same features on the image below.










7






Discuss the evidence that suggests that this landscape has been affected by glacial erosion.

Suggest how…

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Glaciers are moving bodies of ice, formed by the accumulation of snow on the ground's surface. Glaciers are powerful
agents of erosion, transport and depostion that are able to shape the landscape and create spectactular landscapes.
The term 'glacial' refers to the work of ice and metwater in shaping the…

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Ice Shelf
You should make sure you are clear about the distinction between these different glaciers and learn named examples
and their locations

THE GLACIAL SYSTEM
Glaciers are systems, they represent the balance between inputs outputs stores and transfers.
(See Glacier System Diagram handout completed during lesson blank copy below)…

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examples include Greenland and Antarctica
due to very cold temperatures accumulation and ablation are low.
temperatures remain at 0oC throughout and the PMP (Pressure Melting Point see below) is not reached the glacier
therefore moves by internal flow rather than basal slippage (due to the lack of meltwater)
The glacier…

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