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Superpower Geographies

What do I need to know?
Definition of a superpower and how a superpower is defined (criteria)
How international influence develops e.g. culturally, economically or militarily.
Theories of superpower emergence
Power changes over time (USSR/ USA/ China)
How power can be maintained direcly or indirectly.
How superpowers play…

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The BRICs are emerging superpowers:

CHINA: Communist one-party state which has become the `workshop of the world'; there is rapid
economic growth based on manufacturing and trade.

RUSSIA: Has a huge nuclear weapons arsenal, and vast oil and gas reserves meaning it is of global
importance.

INDIA: Huge population and…

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The USA remains the only true superpower in existence. Why?

The USA has the worlds most powerful military and its geographically widespread, the US armed
forces consists of:

540,000 army personnel
520,000 in the navy and marines
330,000 in the air force
12 aircrafts, and 70 submarines ­ can operate…

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`The unprecedented shift in relative wealth and economic power roughly from West to East
now underway will continue'
`The US will remain the single most powerful country but will be less dominant'

CHINA RISING

Prior to 1600, China and India were the world's largest economies. During the Qing dynasty
some…

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Wallerstein's World Systems Theory
this seeks to model this `three sided world', which is partly related to the economic theory of
Supercycles. These supercycles suggest that economic growth passes through phases based on
key new technologies, which bring growth to particular geographical regions.

NIC and BRIC countries are good examples…

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Strategic alliances, the USA and the USSR formed alliances with developing nations to
spread their influence, often by forcing aid.
TNCs, FDI means big profits for TNC's but low wages and few skills for the developing world
Terms of trade, low prices for raw materials, but high costs for when…

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