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Key questions:

Why do coastal environments need to be managed?
What are the methods used to manage coastal environments and how successful are
these strategies?

Coastal Management: What does it mean?

Management means controlling development and change in the coastal zone and undertaking
work according to agreed principles and criteria.…

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Examples of these two strategies are:

Hard Engineering
Hard engineering options tend to be expensive and short-term options. They may also have
a high impact on the landscape or environment. The table shows the most common hard
engineering solutions.

Building a sea wall Advantages

Protects the base of cliffs against…

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Wooden Groynes:
- Wooden "fences" built at right angles to the coastline.
- They aim to stop the movement of material along the beach due to long shore drift.
- Their primary intention is to build up the amount of sand on the beach.
- They have a life span…

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- This is where areas of the coast are allowed to erode and flood naturally. Usually
this will be areas considered to be low value.
- The advantages are that it encourages the development of beaches (a natural
defence) and salt marshes (important for the environment) and cost is low.…

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In your groups, produce a presentation about hard and soft coastal management and
the different strategies that can be used.
Learning Outcome Key skills: Learning Outcome
o Communication ­ within a - Working with o To learn what hard and
group and to an audience. others soft beach management…

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Specific observable behaviours
o All team members discuss
o All team members present
o Each team member does job assigned
o All audience members are a quality audience

Case Studies: Hallsands, Minehead & Porlock
DVD 1 ­ Geography in Animation

· Watch the DVD twice.
· First time just watch.…

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The After Effects of A Devastating Storm

Hallsands today:


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Hallsands was established in a precarious site sandwiched between cliffs and the sea. It
grew as a fishing village during the eighteenth and nineteenth century, reaching a
population of 159 by 1891. Its 37 houses were mainly owned by their occupants. A chapel
has existed on the site since at…

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In August of 1897 an agreement was reached whereby Sir John would pay £125 a year to
the community of Hallsands for as long as dredging continued. To this he later added a
Christmas gift of £20. He also agreed to pay for any damage to pots or fishing gear.…


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