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Key questions:
Why do coastal environments need to be managed?
What are the methods used to manage coastal environments and how successful are
these strategies?
Coastal Management: What does it mean?
Management means controlling development and change in the coastal zone and undertaking
work according to agreed principles and criteria. Good management involves taking account
of both physical and environmental considerations, as well as the different views of
residents and other interested groups in order to create a balanced policy.…read more

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Examples of these two strategies are:
Hard Engineering
Hard engineering options tend to be expensive and short-term options. They may also have
a high impact on the landscape or environment. The table shows the most common hard
engineering solutions.
Building a sea wall Advantages
Protects the base of cliffs against erosion. Can
prevent coastal flooding in some areas. Land and
buildings are protected from erosion.
A sea wall is expensive to build.…read more

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Wooden Groynes:
- Wooden "fences" built at right angles to the coastline.
- They aim to stop the movement of material along the beach due to long shore drift.
- Their primary intention is to build up the amount of sand on the beach.
- They have a life span of approximately 25 years.
Gabion Groynes:
- Large steel mesh cages filled with large rocks.
- Aligned at right angles to the coastline.
- They aim to do a similar job to wooden groynes.…read more

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This is where areas of the coast are allowed to erode and flood naturally. Usually
this will be areas considered to be low value.
- The advantages are that it encourages the development of beaches (a natural
defence) and salt marshes (important for the environment) and cost is low.
- While this is a cheap option, it will not be free as people will need to be
compensated for loss of buildings and farmland.…read more

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In your groups, produce a presentation about hard and soft coastal management and
the different strategies that can be used.
Learning Outcome Key skills: Learning Outcome
o Communication ­ within a - Working with o To learn what hard and
group and to an audience. others soft beach management
- Communication options are.
- Literacy o To learn the hard
- Improving own management options
learning and the soft
- ICT (research) management options.…read more

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Specific observable behaviours
o All team members discuss
o All team members present
o Each team member does job assigned
o All audience members are a quality audience
Case Studies: Hallsands, Minehead & Porlock
DVD 1 ­ Geography in Animation
· Watch the DVD twice.
· First time just watch.…read more

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The After Effects of A Devastating Storm
Hallsands today:
7…read more

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Hallsands was established in a precarious site sandwiched between cliffs and the sea. It
grew as a fishing village during the eighteenth and nineteenth century, reaching a
population of 159 by 1891. Its 37 houses were mainly owned by their occupants. A chapel
has existed on the site since at least 1506 (ruins of the last chapel still perch on the edge
of the cliffs today).…read more

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In August of 1897 an agreement was reached whereby Sir John would pay £125 a year to
the community of Hallsands for as long as dredging continued. To this he later added a
Christmas gift of £20. He also agreed to pay for any damage to pots or fishing gear.
For a couple of years after this, the fishermen appeared to have accepted the dredging
without complaint.…read more


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