First 347 words of the document:
Feshbach and Singer (1971)
Studied 652 boys, aged 8-18, living in residential institutions-three private schools and two boy's
homes. Boys were randomly divided into two groups. First group watched only violent programmes for
6 weeks, second group only non-violent programmes. Boys who watched non-violence showed more
aggression towards others than those who watched violence.
CLASS IN THE MEDIA:
NAIRN (1998) The Monarchy have persuaded the mass media to support their cause i.e.
Royal Wedding. They reinforce national identity.
REINER(1997) Media meritocracy i.e. Alan Sugar. The belief that the u/c have worked for
what they have.
NEWMAN (2006) The media is obsessed with celebrities and their wealth
NEWMAN (2006) depicts the w/c as pitying and unflattering. Phil Mitchell in EastEnders.
Tabloids are aimed at the w/c and their content is trivial, assumes ve things i.e. a lack of
MACDONALD(2007): The underclass are continually labelled and demonized, unworthy of
public sympathy. JK shows them to be failures.
JONES (1998) Analysis to the public reaction of Princess Diana suggests that the public
grief that followed was `substantially shaped and sustained' by media responses to her life
and demise. Such representations made it difficult to be critical of her life style or indifferent
to her death.
ADAMS (1985) Notes how TV dramas stereotype northern culture. Women are often 2
faced, however they are strong in a crisis.
ETHNICITY IN THE MEDIA:
STUART HALL: white-eyed view: according to Hall, the black stereotypes used to portray
black people in the mdia have three characteristics. The NATIVE is portrayed as inferior and
subservient to whites in a nagtive context. The ENTERTAINER is based upon assumptions
about the fun-loving, innately happy nature of the majority of ethnic minority groups and
their ability to entertain and please. The SLAVE portrays blacks as low intelligence, lack of
ingenuity, poor judgement, getting caught being stupid and breaking the law.
VAN DIJK: Criminal, abnormal, unimportant, dependant and a threat.
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AKINTI (2003): argues that TV coverage of ethnic minorities over focuses on crime, AIDS in
Africa, and black underachievement in schools, whilst ignoring the culture and interests and
age and their rich contribution to UK society. IN other words, news about black communities
seems to be `bad news'.
AGBETU (2006): Suggest a black person is constricted in the media with 3 attributes-
criminality, sports or entertainment. Anything that lies outside of this is not of any interest
to the media.…read more