Sociology : Stratification : Ethnicity

Patterson

Eventually discrimination will fade. Racism disappears as immigrants are assimilated.

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Saunders

There is a black underclass who are welfare dependent.

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Cox

While the working-class are divided on ethnic lines, they cannot unite to overthrow a political and economic system that oppresses them.

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Hall and Jefferson

Ethnic minorities are scapegoats, blamed by the media for social problems.

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Miles

Ethnic minorities are part of the main class structure but are not accepted by others.

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Gilroy

Cultural racism means that non-white groups are seen as non-British because of their 'failure' to adopt British culture.

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Westergaard

Suggested that ethnic minorities are usually found in the working-class where they are a reserved arm of labour.

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Mirza

Fail to consider the experiences of women of colour who are also working-class. Fail to consider that middle-class white women are often freed from capitalism and patriarchy as they take advantage of working-class and ethnic minority women to achieve it.

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Barron and Norris

Dual labour market. Primary market has good condition and a high pay scale. Secondary market has low status and lack of power.

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Rex and Thomlinson

Ethnic minorities experience low class and low status. They are compounded by racism so they also lack party. Black underclass has developed in many British cities and is one that feels frustrated and alienated from society.

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Parkin

Saw inequality of minority groups as being linked to their position as a low status group. They are denied privileged status by being excluded and segregated.

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Parkin

Saw inequality of minority groups as being linked to their position as a low status group. They are denied privileged status by being excluded and segregated.

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Williams

Criticises Rex and Thomlinson for not clarifying the relationship between calss and ethnicity. They are not separate characteristics, but connected to amplify inequality.

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Krenshaw

There are various cultural, social categories including gender, race, class and ethnicity. These ll interact and contribute towards a systematic inequality. Forms of oppression do not act dependently byt are interrelated. The oppression and marginalisation of women is not only shaped by gender but by class and ethnicity.

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Weathers

White women face a different form in working-class women of colour who additionally must fight racism and oppression.

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Modood

May be more diversity in a specific ethnic group than between the groups all together. For example, a Hindu doctor may have little in common with a Bangladeshi restaurateur despite them both being South Asian.

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