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Characteristics of Presidential Government
Presidential government practices Single Executive concept, where the Head of
State is also the Head of Government, and he is called the President. The Chief
Executive, the President is responsible for the leadership of the government and
the state. The Chief Executive is independent from the legislature, unlike the
parliamentary system which practices the principle of Fusion of Power, where the Chief
Executive and his cabinet members are also the members of the Legislature. The
United States of America, the Philippines, Mexico, Indonesia and Singapore are some
examples of Presidential Governments.
The four features of a presidential government are:
Practice of Separation of Power. The Executive, the Legislature and the Judiciary
are three distinguished branches of Government. The government work loads
are divided equally among these three branches of the government. One branch
may not interfere with the functions of the other branches. In Parliamentary
Government, the members of Executive are also the members of the Legislature, but, in
Presidential Government, the President and his executives are independent or
isolated from The Legislature. The President cannot interfere with or coerce the
Legislature. Although, the President cannot dissolve the legislative assembly, the
Legislature has the power to cease the tenure of the President by impeachment if the
President has committed a serious crime. According to the provision of the
Constitution, the Chief Executive cannot be asked to appear before another authority.
Example of clear separation of power among the Executive and the Judiciary could be
seen in Watergate Scandal in the United States of America, the U.S President Richard

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M. Nixon refused to cooperate with the investigation and testify against the case. He is
apprehended of his testimony will be equal to interfere of his function as U.S President
alone, and he is the Executive who is protected by law from having to give in to another
There is a Single Executive System, as the Head of Government is also the Head of
State, known as the President. All the executive power is vested in one person and his
executive members.…read more


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