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Geography Unit 1: Case Studies
1: World At Risk
Flood Hazard Profile

Bangladesh
Much of the land is lowlying (around 80%).
It is regularly inundated by melt water that originated in the mountain regions of its
neighbours ­ India and Nepal.

New Orleans
Two metres below sea level on average.…

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Drought Hazard Profile

Africa
As the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) moves north and south through Africa, it
brings a band of seasonal rain. In some years, highpressure zones expand and block
the rainbearing winds, which may result in famine for countries such as Ethiopia and
Somalia where farmers rely on…

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Rapid urbanisation and development at the coast meant more people were located in
vulnerable areas.
A similar scenario can be seen in Banda Aceh, Indonesia, but here the epicenter was
so close the waves travelled just 15 minutes from their origin.
The most vulnerable groups were women and children, those…

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It is thought that the increase in intensity could be due to global warming. One reason
for this prediction is because warmer air has a greater capacity to hold moisture
thereby increasing the amount of rainfall during storms.
The Indian Ocean's surface waters have become warmer by nearly 2°c during…

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broke its Two people
moorings and needed to be
washed ashore rescued from a
at Cliftonville.
capsized 14ft
dinghy.

2008 storm 80 mph winds. About 3,000
homes were left
without
electricity.
Two primary
schools were
closed following
power failures
Disruption to
transport
networks.

2003 heatwave Hottest day in Bookies lost…

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problems were
at increased
risk.

2010 blizzard Temperatures People Waste and
below 0°c prevented from recycling
travelling by car. collections
Bus services suspended.
not operating.
People unable
to travel to
work/school.
Flights
cancelled.
East Kent
hospitals trust
cancelled all out
patient
appointment
clinics with
immediate
effects.
Shops began to
run…

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2012 drought Caused by two
winters of
extremely low
rainfall.
In the previous
2 years there
were just 3
months that had
significantly
above average
rainfall (only 3
months of
potential
`topup' of water
stores.

1996 flooding 400 properties
of Pent stream flooded.
in Folkstone



Philippines: A disaster hotspot


Contains…

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In a single week in 1989 the Philippines was struck by typhoons Angela and Dan,
resulting in 159 deaths.
The tropical monsoon climate means there is heavy rainfall that can cause landslides
and floods. Between 1905 and 2007 there had been 72 incidents of flooding, resulting
in the deaths of…

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In January 2005 a huge mudslide crashed down on homes in a coastal hamlet of
southern California, killing one person and damaging at least 15 homes.

Vulnerability

More than 70% of the population lives within 50km of a fault line.
Around 20% of people in LA live below the poverty…

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greenhouse gas. In some disruption of landbased
areas, lakes and rivers will transport because of
drain as the frozen ground permafrost thawing. As
beneath them thaws, while large areas of snow and ice
rising river flows could melt, exposing new land and
create new wetlands in other open sea, the…

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