British Political history 1945-90: consensus and conflict edexcel as- Churchill and Eden, 1951-1957

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Preview of British Political history 1945-90: consensus and conflict edexcel as- Churchill and Eden, 1951-1957

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Churchill and Eden, 19511957
Churchill, 19511955 ­ t old and frail ­ figurehead ­ absent for months in
1953 due to stroke ­ some key events and developments
Rationing ended ­ money available from End of Korean war
Steel denationalised
Detonated first atomic bomb, 1952
Butskellism ­ Butler and Gaitskell ­ mixed economy Kenneth Morgan
suggests it existed as a "state of mind" built economic consensus ­
continued Keynesianism trying to maintain full employment and achieve
growth, maintained defence commitments, developing nuclear weapons
Eden ­ 19551957
wait a long time for Churchill's retirement ­ past his prime
Only success ­ increased majority in election called soon after becoming
PM
In a hurry to prove himself ­ focused on foreign policy Foreign Secretary
for 10 years under Churchill ­ expertise
Suez ­ Nasser had agreement for US/British loans for Aswan Dam but
also approached Soviet bloc so USA withdrew support ­ Nasser
nationalised Suez Canal to raise funds ­ nonviolent methods like UN
Security Council failed to make him back down ­ Eden furious about
Nasser leaving his "thumb on Britain's windpipe" ­ had secret
discussion with France and Israel and hatched a plan to invade Egypt
31st October ­ USA furious, Eisenhower swore at Eden ­ Soviet
threatened military action against Britain ­ Eden withdraws forces
Significance ­ end of British imperialism as could not act alone ­ run on
sterling threatened economic collapse ­ damaged special relationship ­
worsened Eden's health and caused his resignation " holiday"

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