Behavioural approach, SLT, Systematic desensitisation for WJEC PSY1

I teach A level psychology and these are notes made for my students. They cover everything need to know in detail including strengths, weaknesses, methodology and theory. Also has some practice questions. Hope it helps! Everything you need to know to achieve an A*

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  • Created on: 20-12-12 15:13
Preview of Behavioural approach, SLT,  Systematic desensitisation  for WJEC PSY1

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Behaviourist approach
Classical conditioning
Operant conditioning
Social learning theory
Match the answers
Quick Quiz
Social learning theory of aggression
Bandura study ­ detailed analysis
Systematic desensitisation
Aversion therapy
Key points for full marks in exams
Sample exam answers
Multiple choice questions on Bandura
Exam style questions

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Behaviourist approach
`nurture over nature'
The behaviourist perspective was a dominant approach in psychology for the first half of the 20th
century and has left psychology with some useful techniques. The behaviourist approach is in the
nurture corner where the nature/nurture debate is concerned, believing that everybody is born as a
tabula rasa (blank slate) and is affected by life experiences. It focuses on the role of external or
environmental factors on learning.…read more

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Behaviourist approach
response (UCR) because it is not learned.
The white rat is called the conditioned stimulus (CS).
When the fear response has become associated with the rat,
it becomes the conditioned response. (CR).…read more

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Behaviourist approach
B.F. Skinner developed and tested the idea that behaviour can be shaped by rewards and
punishments. He devised the `Skinner box', which contained a mechanism (such as a lever) for
delivering a good pellet to the animal inside.…read more

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Behaviourist approach
Skinner proposed a number of principles that he claimed were also applicable to human beings. It
believes that the behaviour of people and animals (as it believes that there is little difference between
people and other animals) is the result of stimulus response relationships e.g. your mother (the
stimulus) might do good things for you (response) therefore if something bad was to happen to you,
you would turn to your mother.…read more

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Behaviourist approach
might be used, depending on the situation. In both cases, the goal of reinforcement is always to
strengthen the behaviour and increase the likelihood that it will occur again in the future.
In realworld settings, behaviours are probably not going to be reinforced each and every time they
occur. For situations where you are purposely trying to train and reinforce an action, such as in the
classroom, in sports or in animal training, you might opt to follow a specific reinforcement schedule.…read more

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Behaviourist approach
being used is no longer desired or rewarding, the subject may stop performing the desired
behaviour.…read more

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Behaviourist approach
In SLT, learning is primarily through observation (indirect). Individuals observe role models and
learn about the consequences of behaviour through vicarious reinforcement. These consequences
are represented as expectancies of future outcomes and stored as internal mental representations.
Observation may lead to learning, but the performance of the learned behaviours is reliant on other
factors.…read more

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Behaviourist approach
Not all observed behaviours are effectively learned. Factors involving both the model and the learner
can play a role in whether social learning is successful. Certain requirements and steps must also be
followed. The following steps are involved in the observational learning and modelling process:
In order to learn, you need to be paying attention. Anything that detracts your attention is
going to have a negative effect on observational learning.…read more


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