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AQA Sociology Unit 2 Monday 18th May 2009

1. a) Explain what is meant by the term `compensatory education' (2 marks)
This involves schemes that aim to provide educational opportunities for disadvantaged groups of
people by offering them additional resources and extra-curricular activities e.g. breakfast clubs.

b) Suggest three material…

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d) Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess the claim that `the main function of education is to maintain
a value consensus in society' (Item A, lines 7-8). (20 marks)
The claim, `the main function of education is to maintain a value consensus in society' is believed by

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EITHER i) participant observation
OR ii) questionnaires (20 marks)

i) A participant observation is ethnographic, meaning this research method studies the culture, way
of life in society, in this case the attitudes of teachers in the classroom towards ethnic minority
students. This type of observation involves the researcher taking part…

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3. a) Explain what is meant by the term `triangulation'. (2 marks)
Triangulation is the combination of more than one method to increases the validity of the research.
E.g. combining and observation, questionnaire and interview, enables you to compare the
data/information and conclude the best results.

b) Suggest one advantage…

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Another disadvantage may be seen as an advantage, but because official statistics are researched by
the government where their method may be trustworthy but the politicians could be bias as they
decide how to find out lots of different statistics and can manipulate the data. An example, is the


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