Sociology AQA - Social Policy in Education

A detailed powerpoint describing social policy about education from 1870 to present. Also looks at New Vocationalism and contains key sociologists. 

The recent edit is because I went to a revision session at school today, so I just added in some extra details on some bits 

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What you must know What you should know What you could know
Tripartite system ­ When & why it was S/W of Tripartite system Detailed examples of NR reforms e.g.
introduced, composition, entry schools switching to grant maintained ­
requirements. funded direct from the government
rather than LEA. Introduction of private
funding in schools e.g. CTCs.
Comprehensivisation ­ reasons for New Right vs. Socialist influences in Detailed understanding of Coalition's
introduction, debates. education (NR influences Conservative approach to education using example
policies, Socialist New Labour policies) e.g. Promotion of Academies ­ S/W,
Scrapping of EMA etc.
Marketization ­ definition, why it was Examples of NR reforms to education
introduced, S/W, examples (at least 2) & S/W
At least 2 examples of recent policies e. Key Study: Stephen Ball: Educational
g. testing, reforms, SEN. choice and markets
At least one example of policies/trends Examples of NL reforms to education
in pre-school & HE education (at least 2) & S/W
Role and purpose of LEAs
New Vocationalism ­ What it is and
Aware of 2010 Coalition's approach to
education.…read more

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1940 ­ 1945 Winston Churchill, Conservative
· 1945 ­ 1951 Clement Attlee, Labour
· 1951 ­ 1955 Winston Churchill, Conservative
· 1955 ­ 1957 Sir Anthony Eden, Conservative
· 1957 ­ 1963 Harold Macmillan, Conservative
· 1963 ­ 1964 Sir Alec Douglas-Home, Conservative
· 1964 ­ 1970 Harold Wilson, Labour
· 1970 ­ 1974 Sir Edward Heath, Conservative
· 1974 ­ 1976 Harold Wilson, Labour
· 1976 ­ 1979 James Callaghan, Labour
· 1979 ­ 1990 Margaret Thatcher, Conservative
· 1990 ­ 1997 John Major, Conservative
· 1997 ­ 2007 Tony Blair, Labour
· 2007 ­ 2010 Gordon Brown, Labour
· 2010 ­ Present David Cameron and Nick Clegg, Conservative /
Liberal Democrat Coalition…read more

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Before 1870
· Typical child was uneducated (not ignorant) unless they
were rich and male. Sometimes, boys had education
through private tutors, not school
· Some elementary education was provided by churches
and charities
· Children could attend fee-paying public schools or
selective grammar schools for secondary education
· 1/3 children received no education whatsoever, most
likely to be those in poverty (had to help with work and
siblings etc.)…read more

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1870 ­ Forster Education Act
· Free state schools for all 5-11 year olds
· Education becomes important ­ State Intervention established
· School Boards established
· Local professionals addressed the educational requirements of the local
· At the time, realistically not many WC children would have gone to school
­ still seen as mini adults and would have been useful to families for
looking after younger siblings
· Also, many WC children did not have resources to go to school. Some
Welsh records contain absence notes for reasons such as not having shoes
to walk to school
***School leaving age raised to 15 in 1880***…read more

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1902 ­ Balfour's Education Act
· Local Education Authorities established to supervise education
· Number of grammar schools expanded
· Grammar schools still charged fees, some working class children
could get free education if they passed a scholarship exam.
· Many working class couldn't afford to pay to continue in secondary
education so would attend primary school for the essentials and then
drop out.
· This can still be seen in traveller communities today, where many girls
attend school to learn to read and write and then drop out
· Up until 1945 most schools were church or privately built, and
parents had to pay for secondary education although primary
school was free (less than 2% went to university)…read more

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1944 ­ Butler Education Act
· State education reorganized ­ commitment to equality of opportunity in
· Intended to provide comprehensive, free education for everyone till age
15 ­ free secondary education for all
· Established Tripartite system ­ different students suited to different
education types
· More support for this has emerged in research over the past decade
· Some schools assess their students to see what types of learner they are for
example e.g. kinaesthetic
· Wanted to nurture skills to get the best out of all students New Right /
Functionalist policy ­ providing such skills will create an able workforce which will
contribute to economic prosperity.
· 11+ test established to test ability of students and send them to the
appropriate school ­ thought intelligence was fixed at age 11…read more

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Cat Roberts






Aiste - Team GR


this is amazing !!!!!

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