Sociology AQA - Social Policy in Education

A detailed powerpoint describing social policy about education from 1870 to present. Also looks at New Vocationalism and contains key sociologists. 

The recent edit is because I went to a revision session at school today, so I just added in some extra details on some bits 

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1940 ­ 1945 Winston Churchill, Conservative
· 1945 ­ 1951 Clement Attlee, Labour
· 1951 ­ 1955 Winston Churchill, Conservative
· 1955 ­ 1957 Sir Anthony Eden, Conservative
· 1957 ­ 1963 Harold Macmillan, Conservative
· 1963 ­ 1964 Sir Alec Douglas-Home, Conservative
· 1964 ­ 1970 Harold Wilson, Labour
· 1970 ­ 1974 Sir Edward Heath, Conservative
· 1974 ­ 1976 Harold Wilson, Labour
· 1976 ­ 1979 James Callaghan, Labour
· 1979 ­ 1990 Margaret Thatcher, Conservative
· 1990 ­ 1997 John Major, Conservative
· 1997 ­ 2007 Tony Blair, Labour
· 2007 ­ 2010 Gordon Brown, Labour
· 2010 ­ Present David Cameron and Nick Clegg, Conservative /
Liberal Democrat Coalition…read more

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Before 1870
· Typical child was uneducated (not ignorant) unless they
were rich and male. Sometimes, boys had education
through private tutors, not school
· Some elementary education was provided by churches
and charities
· Children could attend fee-paying public schools or
selective grammar schools for secondary education
· 1/3 children received no education whatsoever, most
likely to be those in poverty (had to help with work and
siblings etc.)…read more

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1870 ­ Forster Education Act
· Free state schools for all 5-11 year olds
· Education becomes important ­ State Intervention established
· School Boards established
· Local professionals addressed the educational requirements of the local
· At the time, realistically not many WC children would have gone to school
­ still seen as mini adults and would have been useful to families for
looking after younger siblings
· Also, many WC children did not have resources to go to school. Some
Welsh records contain absence notes for reasons such as not having shoes
to walk to school
***School leaving age raised to 15 in 1880***…read more

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1902 ­ Balfour's Education Act
· Local Education Authorities established to supervise education
· Number of grammar schools expanded
· Grammar schools still charged fees, some working class children
could get free education if they passed a scholarship exam.
· Many working class couldn't afford to pay to continue in secondary
education so would attend primary school for the essentials and then
drop out.
· This can still be seen in traveller communities today, where many girls
attend school to learn to read and write and then drop out
· Up until 1945 most schools were church or privately built, and
parents had to pay for secondary education although primary
school was free (less than 2% went to university)…read more

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1944 ­ Butler Education Act
· State education reorganized ­ commitment to equality of opportunity in
· Intended to provide comprehensive, free education for everyone till age
15 ­ free secondary education for all
· Established Tripartite system ­ different students suited to different
education types
· More support for this has emerged in research over the past decade
· Some schools assess their students to see what types of learner they are for
example e.g. kinaesthetic
· Wanted to nurture skills to get the best out of all students New Right /
Functionalist policy ­ providing such skills will create an able workforce which will
contribute to economic prosperity.
· 11+ test established to test ability of students and send them to the
appropriate school ­ thought intelligence was fixed at age 11…read more

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Cat Roberts




Aiste - Team GR

this is amazing !!!!!

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