AS Sociology - Family - Changes in family Structure Presentation/Revision cards

changes in family structure slides that can be printed at handouts and cut into revision cards. Includes industrialisation and Social Policy.

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CHANGES IN
FAMILY
STRUCTURE
Past Exam Essay Questions:
(f) Assess the view that industrialization led to the nuclear family replacing the extended family as the
main form of household structure. (Jan 2001)
(f) Assess the view that despite industrialization and urbanization the extended family never disappeared
and continues to thrive today. (May 2002)
(e) Examine the sociological views of the ways in which laws and government policies may effect family
life. (Jan 2003)
(e) Examine the effects of industrialization on family structure. (May 2004)
(e) Examine the ways in which social policies and laws may influence families and households (May 2005)
(f) Assess the sociological views of the relationship between the family and industrialization. (Jan 2007)
(e) Examine the relationship between family structure and industrialization. (Jan 2008)
*
(f) Assess the impact of state policies and laws on family life. (Jan 2008)…read more

Slide 2

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PARSONS ­
FUNCTIONAL FIT
Pre Industrial ­ extended family
· Fits the needs of the society
· No welfare state, necessary for large close
family support.
1790 ­ THE TURNING POINT
Modern industrial ­ nuclear family
· Fits the needs of society
· The need to be more geographically
mobile as industry spring up it is easier for
2 generations to move. *…read more

Slide 3

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STAGES OF
INDUSTRIALISATION
YOUNG & WILMOTT
Stage 1 ­ Pre-industrial nuclear
- Farms
- Nuclear
- no idea of love
- unit of production
- Lasletts agreed as there was a high death rate and short life expectancy
Stage 2 ­ Industrialized
- Moved to towns
- Extended ­ increase life expectancy
- segregated conjugal roles ­ home and work separated
- continued functions, extended used for support (Parsons states this weakened due to
industrialization)
- e.g. Bethnal Green. Anderson ­ 23% of homes more than nuclear
Stage 3 ­ Modern
- Suburbs and offices
- Isolated Nuclear (or modified extended)
- Joint conjugal roles ­ more loving and family centered
- Fewer functions because of the welfare state.
- more equality because of feminism, female independence and contraception *…read more

Slide 4

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YOUNG & WILLMOTT
BETHNAL GREEN ­
1955 - Stage 2
· Working class, East End of London
· Low paid physical work
· Relatives close by
· Frequently see each other a lot
· Help and support each other ­
financially and domestically
*…read more

Slide 5

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INDUSTRIALISATION facts/
sociologist summery
·They type of family fits the need of the society
Parsons
·Pre Industrial ­ extended, need for support no gov. help
·1790 ­ THE TURNING POINT
·Modern industrial ­ nuclear, geographically mobile - easier for
nuclear to move.
Stage 1 ­ Pre-industrial nuclear ­ Farms ­ no love - unit of
Young & Wilmott
production
- Lasletts - high death rate and short life expectancy
Stage 2 ­ Industrialized ­ towns - Extended ­ Seg. Con. roles
·Parsons extended weakened due to industrialization
·e.g. Bethnal Green.
·Anderson ­ 23% of homes more than nuclear
Stage 3 ­ Modern ­ Suburbs - Isolated Nuclear - Joint con. roles ­
love
·equality because of feminism, independence and contraception
Bethnal
Green
Bethnal Green - Working class, London
Low paid physical work, Relatives close by regular contact
Help and support each other ­ financially and domestically…read more

Slide 6

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SOCIAL POLICY
- Actions and policies of gov. or gov, Agencies
usually based on law (e.g. Social services)
1993 ­ Formation Thatchers 1988 ­ New Labours
of child support 1971 ­ Divorce Budget and
reform act child benefit
agency taxation policy increase
To make divorced fathers Made it easier to get a Cohabiting couples
This was a universal
more financially liable for divorce on grounds of couldn't claim more tax
benefit for all families
their children. (90%males) irretrievable breakdown allowances than
whatever the income
married
1999 ­ working 2004 -The every child
2004 ­ Civil matters agenda 2009 - The children's
families tax credit Partnerships act Plan
Children to be healthy, safe,
Enhance children and young
Introduced by New school, contribution to
peoples wellbeing especially
labour, new deal so that Legal rights to same sex society and not to live in in key points in their lives.
both parents could work couples, giving equality relative poverty. And for the Also every child a chance of
to heterosexual institutions to communicate, success in education, 90%
and gain tax relief, case of Victoria Climbie,
covering childcare cost for relationships. developing well over a wide
health, education, social range in early years and at a
any that worked Entitlement to pensions
and police services to foundation stage by 5.
inheritance and property. cooperate to prevent this.…read more

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