Pages in this set

Page 1

Preview of page 1
Theoretical approaches to families and households

Functionalist approach
Functionalists believe in value consensus ­ that society forms a shared view on the world. This is passed on
through the process of socialisation which enables children to integrate into society. In other words, the
effect that our family has on us…

Page 2

Preview of page 2
One criticism of this is that Parsons looks at the nuclear family too optimistically and ignores the negative
effects that they have on society e.g. Interactionists will argue that functionalists ignore the plight of the
individual within the family.

Ronal Flecture: - argues against those sociologists who say that the…

Page 3

Preview of page 3
Feminist approach to the study of the family
Feminists believe that we live in a patriarchal world where women are exploited. Therefore they look at how
women suffer in a male dominated society and within the family.

Sylvia Walby said that patriarchy works through domestic labour, the traditional values that…

Page 4

Preview of page 4
Interactionist approach to the study of the family

Interactionists argue that social life is a continuous attempt to make sense and order of the world. They say
that reality is socially constructed e.g. we make our own reality within social groups because we strive to
achieve a view of the…

Page 5

Preview of page 5
Changing patterns of the family ­ Booklet 2

Marriage has declined over the years. Patricia Morgan says that this is down to a range of factors;

High divorce rates are putting people off marriage.
People are becoming more career minded so they are postponing marriage until they are ready.…

Page 6

Preview of page 6

The office of national statistics said that cohabiting couples are the fastest growing family type in the UK.
Over 2.2 million couples are cohabiting with or without children. 1/3 of Teenagers are destined to cohabit in
comparison with only 1/10 of their grandparents.

Cohabitation is seen a long-term alternative…

Page 7

Preview of page 7

The biggest reason for the increase in divorce is down to the divorce reform act of 1969 which meant that a
matrimonial offence had to be proven and this made it easier for couples to get out of an unhappy marriage.
Since 1911 when there was just 895 petitions…

Page 8

Preview of page 8
Demographic changes and its effects on the family ­ booklet 3

The study of demography examines factors affecting the total size of the population in a country such as
birth and death rate (per thousand, per year), fertility rate and migration.

Birth Rate
There has been a steady decline in…

Page 9

Preview of page 9
and whether to have children. Uncertainty and the risk of relationship-break down is making people wary of
having too many children.


The death rate is the number of deaths per thousand of the population per year. The death rate has fallen
considerably in the UK since the 1900s e.g.…

Page 10

Preview of page 10
Ageing Population

The UK has produced an ageing population with a rising proportion of elderly and middle aged people and a
falling proportion of children and younger adults e.g. the percentage of population over 65 has increased
from 15 to 16% between 1984 and 2009.

Why is the population ageing?…


No comments have yet been made

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »