AS Psychology: Research Methods Revision Grid

Revision grids complete for the entire AS Psychology course for AQA's syllabus, a good refresher exercise with advantages and disadvantages to freshen up individual revision or revision with peers as you can challenge yourself and friends.

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  • Created on: 14-04-12 14:15
Preview of AS Psychology: Research Methods Revision Grid

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Psychology Revision: Research Methods
Measures of
Central
Tendency
Type What is it? Advantage Disadvantage
All values added
Sensitive to all of Too sensitive to
Mean then divided by
the data extreme values
amount of values
The middle value
Not sensitive to Insensitive to most
Median when the values are
extreme values of the data
ordered numerically
The most Not necessarily a
Not sensitive to
Mode frequent/popular good indication of
extreme values
value the central
Measures of
Dispersion
Type What is it? Advantage Disadvantage
Biggest minus Too sensitive to
Range Easily calculated
smallest extreme data
Standard Spread around
Sensitive to all data Hard to calculate
Deviation mean
Types of Data
Type What is it? Advantages Disadvantage(s
)
Not always very
valid, may not
Statistical analysis,
measure what we
measures of central
Data recorded in intended eg.
Quantitative Data tendency and
numbers punches in fight
measures of
won't tell us how
dispersion
violent (could
involved kicking)
Easy to judge
reliability,
consistently get
same numbers
Deal with wider
Not in the form of range of human
Qualitative Data Subjective
numbers behaviour, not
reducing complexity

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Record it into
Limits conclusions,
quantitative
no mathematical
through content
analysis
analysis
Types of Variables
Type What is it?
Dependent Variables Depend on other variables (one) (DV)
Independent Variables Affect other variables (one or more) (IV)
Example of how they
can be written:
Your exam grade depends on
whether you have revised or
whether you have not revised
Whether you have revised or
whether you have not revised
hair can affect your exam
grade
Other Types of
Variables
Type What is it?
In full detail…read more

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Clear indication
whether Artificial `Participant
Control all independent environment Reactivity' high,
Lab extraneous variable is the therefore low may change
variables variable which `mundane behaviour to
effects realism' effect results
dependent
Clear indication Deception,
More natural whether misleading Extraneous
behaviour from independent participants variables are
Field participants, variable is the into feeling in a harder to
more valid variable which normal control than in
results effects environment the lab
dependent while testing
More natural Hard to
Hard to
behaviour from Can do things replicate the…read more

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Observati
ons:
Non-Exper
imental
Research
Method
Type Wh Examp Advantage Disadvantag
at le s es
is
it?
For For
Observations Observations in
in General: General:
High Extraneous
Speeds
In mundane variables hard to
of essay
natu realism, control, results
writing
ral natural. may not be
pose as
cond Results more consistent or
supply
ition valid as reliable. eg.
teacher
s, do behaviour accidently
Naturalistic s and
not natural, don't changing
Observatio set an
inter know being conditions of
n essay in
fere observed observation.…read more

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Designing
an
Observati
on
C
r
e
a
t
Wo e
rk
ou c
t h
dif e
fer c
en k
t l
cat i
eg s
ori t
es (
Whether
th t
you will
Whether to at a
let
join in de l
people
(participant scr l
know
observation) ibe y
about
or watch be c
(non-particip
observat
ha h
ant ion or
vio a
observation) remain
ur r
undisclo
(be t
sed
ha t
vio o
ur
cat r
eg e…read more

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T
w
o
i
n
d
e
p
e
n
d
e
n
t
o
b
s
e
r
v
e
r
s
m
o
r
e
r
e
l
i
a
b
l
e
Types of
Sampling
Type What is it? Example
Record tally chart of number of Smiling, crying, kicking,
Event Sampling
event in different categories screaming (behaviours)…read more

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When you record duration of each
Time Sampling 32 seconds of crying
occurrence of different events
Questionna
ires:
Non-Experi
mental
Research
Method
Some
times
involv
e you
to
rate
on
Sometimes
3,5,7
they involved
point
tick-boxes
scale
s
called
a
`Likert
Scale'
-below
What is your
view on AS
Psychology?
(Likert Scale)
D
o
n'
t
Don'
li
t
k It's
Hate it reall Enjoy doing it
e OK
y
it
care
m
u
c
h
Limi Of
t the Open fer
Closed
varie Ques…read more

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Things to
avoid when
making
Questionnaire
s (may be
asked to!)
Questions that Que Silly
you have no stio restr
intention of ns ictio
analysing that ns
ever on
yon ques
e tion
will s
ans
wer
the
sam
e
How
muc
h
Exa alco
mple hol
: Do do
Example: Do you you you
like candyfloss like drink
(if we are testing recei a
view on AS ving week
Psychology) pock 1-3,
et 4-6,
mon 7-9,
ey 10+
units
(no
zero!)
Evaluation
of…read more

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Questionna
ires
Disad
Advantages vant
ages
Close
d
questi
ons
force
peopl
e to
answ
Convenient,
er,
get lots of
may
data from
want
many people
to
quickly and at
answ
low cost,
er in
quantitative
anot
and can be
her
analysed with
way
statistics
not
allow
ed,
restri
cted,
result
s less
valid
Peopl
e lie,
open
or
close
Wide range of
d,
data, open
more
questions
likely
reveal things
to lie
wouldn't know
as
otherwise, rich
don't
source of
have
qualitative
to
data…read more

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Interviews:
Non-Experiment
al Research
Method
Type What is it?
Like
questionnaires,
decided
beforehand, no
Structured
restriction on open
Interviews
or closed, very
relevant explore
issues interviewer
sees as important
No set questions,
interviewer uses
mainly open
Informal questions,
Interviews generates lots of
unimportant
material explores
issues interviewer…read more

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