AS Psychology: Research Methods Revision Grid

Revision grids complete for the entire AS Psychology course for AQA's syllabus, a good refresher exercise with advantages and disadvantages to freshen up individual revision or revision with peers as you can challenge yourself and friends.

Watered down content to remember and to retain key ideas. A good revision tool.

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  • Created by: Oliver
  • Created on: 14-04-12 14:15

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Page 1

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Psychology Revision: Research Methods
Measures of
Central
Tendency
Type What is it? Advantage Disadvantage
All values added
Sensitive to all of Too sensitive to
Mean then divided by
the data extreme values
amount of values
The middle value
Not sensitive to Insensitive to most
Median when the values are
extreme…

Page 2

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Record it into
Limits conclusions,
quantitative
no mathematical
through content
analysis
analysis




Types of Variables

Type What is it?
Dependent Variables Depend on other variables (one) (DV)
Independent Variables Affect other variables (one or more) (IV)
Example of how they
can be written:
Your exam grade depends on
whether you…

Page 3

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Clear indication
whether Artificial `Participant
Control all independent environment Reactivity' high,
Lab extraneous variable is the therefore low may change
variables variable which `mundane behaviour to
effects realism' effect results
dependent
Clear indication Deception,
More natural whether misleading Extraneous
behaviour from independent participants variables are
Field participants, variable is the…

Page 4

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Observati
ons:
Non-Exper
imental
Research
Method
Type Wh Examp Advantage Disadvantag
at le s es
is
it?
For For
Observations Observations in
in General: General:

High Extraneous
Speeds
In mundane variables hard to
of essay
natu realism, control, results
writing
ral natural. may not be
pose as
cond Results more…

Page 5

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Designing
an
Observati
on
C
r
e
a
t
Wo e
rk
ou c
t h
dif e
fer c
en k
t l
cat i
eg s
ori t
es (
Whether
th t
you will
Whether to at a
let
join in de l
people
(participant scr l…

Page 6

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u
r
)
T
w
o

i
n
d
e
p
e
n
d
e
n
t
o
b
s
e
r
v
e
r
s
m
o
r
e

r
e
l
i
a
b
l
e



Types of
Sampling
Type What is it? Example
Record tally chart of…

Page 7

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When you record duration of each
Time Sampling 32 seconds of crying
occurrence of different events



Questionna
ires:
Non-Experi
mental
Research
Method
Some
times
involv
e you
to
rate
on
Sometimes
3,5,7
they involved
point
tick-boxes
scale
s
called
a
`Likert
Scale'
-below
What is your
view on AS
Psychology?…

Page 8

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free e
dom fre
of ed
resp o
onse m
s fo
r
an
sw
er
s
Things to
avoid when
making
Questionnaire
s (may be
asked to!)
Questions that Que Silly
you have no stio restr
intention of ns ictio
analysing that ns
ever on
yon ques
e tion…

Page 9

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Questionna
ires
Disad
Advantages vant
ages
Close
d
questi
ons
force
peopl
e to
answ
Convenient,
er,
get lots of
may
data from
want
many people
to
quickly and at
answ
low cost,
er in
quantitative
anot
and can be
her
analysed with
way
statistics
not
allow
ed,
restri
cted,…

Page 10

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questi
ons
so
result
s will
not
be
valid




Interviews:
Non-Experiment
al Research
Method
Type What is it?
Like
questionnaires,
decided
beforehand, no
Structured
restriction on open
Interviews
or closed, very
relevant explore
issues interviewer
sees as important
No set questions,
interviewer uses
mainly open
Informal questions,
Interviews generates lots…

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