Psychology - Cognitive Psychology Revision

AS Level Psychology Cognitive Psychology AQA Spec

Condensed to five pages, use as you please and hope you find it helpful :)

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  • Created on: 08-12-12 17:27
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Cognitive Psychology
1. Multi Store Model of Memory (Atkinson and Shriffrin 1968)
Sensory Memory Sperling (1960) Half a Second Grid All
Short Term Memory Miller (1956) Digit Span Test Capacity
Peterson and Peterson (1959) Trigram Duration
Baddeley (1966) Cat, Cab, Can, Cad, Cap Encoding
Long Term Memory Bahrick et al (1975) High School Recall Duration
Baddeley (1966) Cat, Cab, Can, Cad, Cap Encoding
The Primacy and Recency Effect (Ebbinghaus)
The idea that you remember the first and last things in a list
Without Distraction With Distraction

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Cognitive Psychology
Case Study ­ Clive Wearing
Clive Wearing contracted a virus that attacked his brain, leaving him unable to store new memories.
The part of his brain that takes memories from his short term memory into his long term memory is
damaged. He remembers his wife and how to play the piano however, he can't remember things like
his children's names or what chicken tastes like.
2.…read more

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Cognitive Psychology
Central Executive ­ The part that controls all the other parts of the working memory; selectively
attends to some stimuli whilst ignoring others and retrieving information
Phonological Store ­ Holds information that is speech or sound related for a short amount of time
(about two seconds)
Articulatory Control ­ The process for rehearsing information and keeping it in the phonological
loop (this is how a tune can be stuck in your head)
Visio-Spatial Sketchpad ­Holds and manipulates visual information
Baddeley et al (1973)…read more

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Cognitive Psychology
Anastasi and They categorised their participants in a similar way to Yarmey and each participant
Rhodes (2006) was shown 24 people of various ages. They were then asked to rate each person on
their level of attractiveness after which they completed a distraction task. They were
then asked to remember as many people as possible from the twenty four. Older
people were the least accurate than the other age group but each group
remembered their own age the most.…read more

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Cognitive Psychology
Context Reinstatement ­ Mentally think about the context of the situation.…read more

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Cognitive Psychology
memory.…read more


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