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AS PSYCHOLOGY KEY TERMS GLOSSARY - RESEARCH METHODS

Aims: the purpose of a research study.

Buffers: term used to refer to aspects of situations that protect people from
having to confront the results of their actions.

Case Study: detailed study of an individual, event or group.

Conditioning: when one response…

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Double Blind: a procedure where neither the participant nor the experimenter
knows the precise aims of the study. This reduces experimenter effects.

Dependant Variable: Output of the experiment, an aspect of the participant's
behaviour this can be measured in the study.

Demand Characteristics: features of an experiment that help participants…

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Hypothesis: a statement of what you believe to be true.

Independent Variable: a variable which can be changed or manipulated by the
experimenter.

Internal Validity: The degree to which changes in the dependent variable
(effect) can be attributed to the independent or experimental variable (cause)
rather than to the effects…

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Measures of Dispersion: any means of expressing the spread of the data, such as
range or standard deviation.

Mundane Realism: the use of an artificial situation that closely resembles a
natural situation.

Meta ­Analysis: a form of analysis in which the data from several related studies
are combined to obtain…

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Order Effects: Participants' performance on two conditions may be affected by
the order in which they are performed for e.g. Being bored or having too much
practice.

Opportunity Sampling: participants are selected because they are available not
because they are a representative of the population.

Pilot Studies: a small scale…

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Qualitative data: data which is concerned about how things are expressed,
meanings or explanations etc.

Quantitative data: data which is presented in numerical terms.

Randomisation: the allocation of participants to conditions on a random basis i.e.
totally unbiased distribution.

Repeated Measures Design: a research design where the same participants are…

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Sample: a part of a population selected such that it is considered to be a
representative of the population as a whole.

Sampling Bias: some people have a greater or lesser chance of being selected
than they should be, given their frequency in the population.

Split half technique: a technique…

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Undisclosed Observation: an observational study where the participants have
not been informed that it is taking place.

Validity: a concept concerned with the extent to which a research instrument
measures what it sets out to measure.

Variables: things that vary or change

Comments

alicelinn

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You missed the definition for self-report

alicelinn

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But otherwise, great resource!

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