AS English Poetry Terminology

This is basically cards of the terms you need to analyse poems and their definitions. hope you find them useful and good luck to you all

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  • Created by: Amina H.
  • Created on: 30-03-12 14:22
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ABSTRACT NOUN
refers to ideas, processes, occasions, times,
qualities that cannot be touched or seen.
ADJECTIVE
gives more information about or describes a
noun or pronoun
ADVERB
gives more information about (modifies) a verb,
an adjective, another adverb, or a sentence.
ALLEGORY
a narrative in which people, objects and events
represent moral or spiritual ideas.

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ALLITERATION
the repetition of the same or similar sounds at
the beginnings of words in a line / phrase: "What
would the world be, once bereft / Of wet and
wildness?" (Hopkins, `Inversnaid')
ALLUSION
Usually an implicit reference to another work of
literature or art, a person or an event. Often an
appeal to the reader to share some experience
with the writer. An allusion may enrich the work
by association and give it depth.…read more

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ASSONANCE
the repetition or a pattern of similar vowel
sounds that occur close together:
"Thou still unravished bride of quietness, / Thou
foster child of silence and slow time"
(`Ode to a Grecian Urn', John Keats).
ASYNDETIC LISTING
the omission of conjunctions in sentence
constructions
BALLAD
a poem that tells a story similar to a folk tale or
legend and often has a repeated refrain. For
example, `The Rime of the Ancient Mariner' by
Samuel Taylor Coleridge.…read more

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BLANK VERSE
poetry that is written in unrhymed iambic
pentameter. Shakespeare wrote most of his
plays in blank verse.
CAESURA
a break or pause in a line of poetry, dictated,
usually, by the natural rhythm of the language.
CHARACTERISATION
the description or portrayal of a person by an
actor or writer.
CLICHÉ
a commonplace, overused expression that is
lifeless.…read more

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COLLECTIVE NOUN
refers to a group of people or things as a single
unit, e.g. `team'.
COLLOQUIAL
informal language.
CONCEIT
a fairly elaborate figurative device of a fanciful
kind that often incorporates metaphor, simile,
hyperbole or oxymoron and which is intended to
surprise and delight by its wit and ingenuity.
Particularly associated with the Metaphysical
poets.
CONCRETE NOUN
refers to physical thing like people, animals,
places and objects that can be seen and
measured.…read more

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CONJUNCTION
a connective that links sentences, clauses,
phrases, or words, e.g. `and', `but', `if'
CONNOTATION
implied additional meaning(s) associated with or
suggested by particular lexis
CONSONANCE
the repetition of similar consonant sounds,
especially at the ends of words, as in lost and
past or confess and dismiss.…read more

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COUPLET
in a poem, a pair of lines that are the same length
and usually rhyme and form a complete thought.
Shakespearean sonnets usually end in a couplet.
CULTURAL CONTEXT
refers to factors that influence the way of living
that is followed by specific groups of people.
Cultural context includes tradition attitudes
adhered to entertainment and the hobbies or
sports pursued.
DECLARATIVE
statement sentence function.…read more

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DENOTATION
the most specific or literal meaning of a word
(dictionary definition) as opposed to its figurative
senses or connotations
DEVICES
the narrative, literary and linguistic techniques
used by a writer.
DIALOGUE
conversation between two or more people.
DYNAMIC VERB
a verb that relates to action.…read more

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DICTION
a way of speaking (pronunciation) a way or style
of using words and phrases the range of
vocabulary used by a writer.
DRAMATIC IRONY
The audience understands the implication and
meaning of a situation, or what is being said, but
the characters don't common in tragedy and
comedy.
DRAMATIC MONOLOGUE
A literary work consisting of a revealing oneway
conversation by a character / persona (NOT the
writer), usually directed to a second person or an
imaginary audience.…read more

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ELLIPSIS
(Greek "leaving out") A figurative device where a
word (or several words) is/are left out in order to
achieve more compact expression. (Modern
poets like Ezra Pound, T.S. Eliot and W.H. Auden
use the device frequently.)
ELEGY
A poem that laments the death of a person, or
one that is simply sad and thoughtful.…read more

Comments

dmilli3

brilliant, just what I needed

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