The Archaeology of settlements and analysing the distribution of sites.
Great case study.
The distribution of Roman villas.
p The word ‘villa’ actually means a farm.
p It is an economic term, meaning the place had an agricultural function.
p Generally, the word is used in modern times to describe the country residences of elite members of Romano-British society.
p We should also include the outbuildings and agricultural structures associated with these residences.
Site catchment analysis.
• A method for analysing how sites interact with the surrounding landscape.
• Site Catchment Analysis assumes that settlements are not randomly located, but instead are placed to maximise the economic opportunities available to them.
Problems with site catchment analysis.
• Relies upon the accurate reconstruction of the landscape (which is difficult to do).
• Assumes that people in the past knew about the resources we identify today.
• Assumes that their actions were guided by practical concerns.
• Assumes that economics…