Slides in this set
· WHEN Hitler became chancellor the German economy was in ruins.
· Once in power Hitler acted on a promise he made earlier about decreasing the rate of
· Hitler spent lots of money on job creation schemes. One major project was road building.
· Hitler intended to build 7000 km of motorway, the German Labour Front organised and
directed workers into jobs.
· These included:
· Forestry work
· Water projects
· Building new hospitals, schools and stadiums
· The organisation of the jobs even created jobs by 1939 the Labour Front had 44,500 paid
· Hitler also promised to get rid of the Treaty of Versailles, he immediately stated a huge
programme of rearmament and conscription, which was officially announced in 1935.
· The army grew from 100,00 in 1933 to 1.4 million in 1939. huge amounts were spent on
producing military equipment such as aircraft and tanks.
· This increase in military expenditure stimulated other industries and provided more jobs.
· The huge fall in unemployment comes from Nazi official figures, and some groups were missed
out such as Jews who were dismissed from their jobs, and when all Jews most their German
citizenship none of them counted. Women were not counted either and opponents of the
Nazis were held in concentration camps so did not count either.
· Hitler aimed to make Germany self-sufficient because they couldn't pay for huge quantities of
imports of raw materials. This didn't succeed, but the four year plan started in 1936 because he
wanted to be ready for war by 1940.…read more
The National Labour Service (RAD):
· The National Labour Service (RAD) was Hitler's first move.
· The RAD gave men jobs in public work schemes.
· The biggest public work scheme was building roads and motorways.
· They had to wear military uniform.
· They were also given pocket money as wages and got free meals.
The creation of new jobs:
· Many unemployed people found jobs in new industries.
· To make new jobs for men all Jews and women were forced out of their jobs.
· Women and Jews were not recorded on the unemployment registers.
· Hitler planned to make Germany strong and independent in March 1935 he
started compulsory military service for young men.
· Many people were given jobs in making tools of war (weapons) to equip the
· Hitler wanted Germany to be self sufficient = ordered German scientists to find
substitutes e.g. Coffee from acorns.
The German Labour Front:
· There were no trade unions Hitler abolished them and set up the German
Labour Front in their place.
· doctor Ley made sure bosses couldn't sack workers on the spot.
· Doctor Ley also abolished the right for workers to bargain for higher wages and
strikes were made illegal.…read more
SOCIAL POLICIES AND STANDARDS OF LIVING
· Many Germans believed Nazi rule was improving their lives as unemployment
had been drastically reduced and few people were starving.
· Small businesses often did well, especially where they had been competing
with Jewish shops that had been closed down by the Nazis
· Big businesses also benefitted from the huge construction projects and big
profits were made.
· July 1935 it became compulsory for all men between 18 and 25 to do six
months work on practical projects. They were not paid wages, just pocket
money which was never very popular but did provide a sense of purpose for
· The `Strength Through Joy' organisation was part of German Labour Front. It
attempted to provide leisure time to ensure a happy workforce, such as
holidays and cruises.
· Hitler wanted more Germans to have their own cars, the Volkswagen (people's
car) was designed and in1938 Hitler laid the foundation stone for the factory to
be built on.
· During the mid-1930s German's were pleased with the effects of Nazi rule as
unemployment was decreasing and pride was being restored in their country.
Especially when they hosted the Olympics in 1936 and also managed to get
troop in the Rhineland that same year which made German's feel much more
secure. Pride increased when in 1938 Germany and Austria joined together.…read more
WOMEN IN NAZI GERMANY
·No pressure to work ·Women pressured to have children and if
·Reward money = 1000 marks, 250 they didn't they were frowned upon by
marks per child they have soci production ety.
·Prestige -> the motherhood cross if they ·Women were not allowed to take pride
have 4 children in their appearance
·Safe environment due to women being ·They were not allowed to socialise
at home all day ·They were not allowed to spend money
·Fit and healthy women as they were not on themselves
allowed to smoke. ·Men always take precedence over
women = unequal rights
·Financial issues if they had too many
·The Nazis wanted to promote the `racially pure' Aryan race.
·In 1936 they opened a special maternity homes designed to be breeding centres for
the production of pure Aryan children.…read more
THE EFFECTS OF NAZI POLICIES ON GERMAN CULTURE
· German culture was restricted through censorship and
· Modern art was dismissed as degenerate
· Plays and films had to be checked that they promoted Nazi ideals.
· The tolerant and permissive society of Weimar Germany with its
nightclubs and American music was banned. So was the work of
all Jewish writers and composers.
· Overall new developments in the arts were stifled, Nazi
propaganda pervaded everything.
· Many artists and authors suffered in silence, while others chose to
emigrate as did scientists like Albert Einstein.
· In 1933 the benefits of Nazi rule appeared to outweigh the
negatives of it, it only became prominent in peoples minds in the
later 1930s that the Nazis had achieved totalitarian control.…read more