AQA Geography - Changing Urban Environments Notes

Guide to everything in AQA Geography A GCSE Changing Urban Environments section

Useful for exam on June 12th 2013 and all years after that.

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Changing urban environments
Urbanisation

A process where an increasing proportion of the population lives in towns and cities
An increasing proportion of city dwellers in contrast those in the countryside (urbanisation)
A worldwide process
Began at different times in different places
Occurs at different paces
Differs between rich and poor…

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Urban issues
Housing

Population in UK has increased by 7% since 1971 and growth is supposed to continue to 52.5
million by 2021
Number of households has risen by 30% since 1971- because more people are living alone(7
million)
Single-person households are responsible for 70% of the increased demand for…

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homes, water ways, urban amenities, parks and gardens, boreholes, community facilities, central
heating, recycling collection points

Traffic

More cars, traffic congestion
Air/noise pollution
Buildings discoloured
Unsightly
Impact on health, conditions such as asthma
Introduce a congestion charging zone, park and ride scheme, encourage cycling with separate
bike lane, encourage and…

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As few official jobs available people create own employment, selling items making and repairing
things on a small scale, becoming couriers cleaners gardeners taking in laundry, they work long
hours for not much pay
Houses not provided with sanitation, piped water, electricity, road access,
Houses made of any materials nearby…

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Paths between houses are irregular, narrow and often have a ditch running down the
middle that has sewage in
Rubbish litters the area as it is not collected. This causes a rotting mess
The area smells of the charcoal used to provide fuel and of human waste
A standpipe may…

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People in cities create a lot of waste which can damage people's health and the environment
especially if it is toxic and not disposed of properly
E-waste ­ electronic waste such as broken computers, some people try to extract more valuable
parts and minerals from computer bits but what they…

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Kept buildings architecturally as they were during the heyday of the British empire but their
function has changed so they can be used but still conserve the environment of cultural and
historical importance
Natural environment conserved by stopping development on the edge of built up areas and
encouraging it to…

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Housing policy that will provide 50,000 homes for the urban poor




©Ryan Bird 2013

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