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Population Change
The Dependency Ratio
The dependency ratio gives the proportion of the population that has to be supported by
the working population.
Young people, aged 0-14, and older people, over 65, are generally dependent on the
working population, ages 15-65, - they need to be looked after or financially…

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Ageing Populations
An ageing population means the proportion of older people is increasing, which causes
an increase in the dependency ratio.
This has social, economic and political effects:
Social Increased pressure on public services There's a greater demand for services like
hospitals, hospices and doctors.
More people are needed to…

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Page 6

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Economic Reduced work force A smaller proportion of the population is
working, which may slow economic growth
Increased taxes Pensions and services are paid for by taxes
A greater proportion of older people claiming pensions and support could mean higher
taxes for the working population
Spending The elderly have savings…

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Pages in this set

Page 1

Preview of page 1

Page 2

Preview of page 2
Population Change
The Dependency Ratio
The dependency ratio gives the proportion of the population that has to be supported by
the working population.
Young people, aged 0-14, and older people, over 65, are generally dependent on the
working population, ages 15-65, - they need to be looked after or financially…

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Page 4

Preview of page 4
Ageing Populations
An ageing population means the proportion of older people is increasing, which causes
an increase in the dependency ratio.
This has social, economic and political effects:
Social Increased pressure on public services There's a greater demand for services like
hospitals, hospices and doctors.
More people are needed to…

Page 5

Preview of page 5

Page 6

Preview of page 6
Economic Reduced work force A smaller proportion of the population is
working, which may slow economic growth
Increased taxes Pensions and services are paid for by taxes
A greater proportion of older people claiming pensions and support could mean higher
taxes for the working population
Spending The elderly have savings…

Comments

No comments have yet been made