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Population Change
The Dependency Ratio
The dependency ratio gives the proportion of the population that has to be supported by
the working population.

Young people, aged 0-14, and older people, over 65, are generally dependent on the
working population, ages 15-65, - they need to be looked after or financially…

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Ageing Populations
An ageing population means the proportion of older people is increasing, which causes an
increase in the dependency ratio.

This has social, economic and political effects:

Increased pressure on public services There's a greater demand for services like
hospitals, hospices and doctors.

More people are needed to…

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Reduced work force A smaller proportion of the population is
working, which may slow economic growth

Increased taxes Pensions and services are paid for by taxes
A greater proportion of older people
claiming pensions and support could mean
higher taxes for the working population

Spending The elderly have savings…

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Problems caused by an ageing population
Pension Many elderly people only have the basic
state pension to live off
If the price of food or fuel rises, it's harder
for them to compensate

As life expectancy increases, more people
are claiming pensions for longer
The government will be receiving less…

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The UK Ageing Population

The UK population is ageing ­ people over 65 make up a large part of the population and it's

In 2005, 16% of the population of the UK were over 65.

This is expected to rise to 25% by 2041.

This is because:

Increasing life…

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Pressure on pension system There aren't enough people of working-age
to pay for an adequate pension for the
retired population
State pensions are paid by the working
population through taxes

- Today, 60% of the population pay
- By 2030, only 56% of the population
will pay taxes…


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