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Triumph and Collapse: Russia and the USSR, 1941 ­ 1991

Key dates, key people, key statistics

Part 2: DeStalinisation 1953 1968

The political, social and economic pressures leading towards destalinisation
Three main rivals emerged for the leadership after Stalin's death:
Malenkov (Chairman of the Council of Ministers)
Beria (Minister of…

Page 2

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His speech was met by gasps of disbelief, applause and shouts. Molotov,
Kaganovitch and Malenkov tried to remove Khrushchev as first Secretary but
when the Central Committee met, the decision was easily overturned.


Defensive motives:
Khrushchev believed that if he did not strike a blow against Stalin, someone
else might…

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work was allowed to be performed books by western authors ­ e.g. Ernest
Hemingway ­ appeared in Russian bookshops and cultural and sporting
exchanges were arranged with capitalist countries (e.g. football teams like the
Dinamo Moscow became popular in Europe).
There were limits to this freedom ­ Boris Pasternak was…

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Costs to the collective farms were cut ­ such as the cost of transport and the
hire of equipment
Peasant taxation was reorganised so that it was paid on the size of the plot
rather than fruit trees and livestock.
Peasants without livestock were not expected to provide meat
`Virgin…

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He set up 105 regional economic councils to take the place of the national
ministries, which was a move away from central planning of the economy and
was resented by some within the Party.
All that happened with the policy was that another level of bureaucracy was
added.
To add…

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The granting of some independence to local Party leaders and regional
Economic Councils had weakened the Party's control of the economy.
His agricultural policies, including his failed `virgin lands' scheme led to a
shortfall of foodstuff and the USSR had to import. He had made agriculture a
priority, visiting farmers…

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What can be said about Khrushchev's dismissal, however, was that it was peaceful.
He wasn't purged, arrested or killed. Many would argue that it was his own policy of
destalinisation that had allowed this to be the case.

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