Answers to the Agricultrual Questions

Answers to the Agricultrual Questions to

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GCSE AGRICULTURE
ANSWERS TO QUESTION 1
(a) (i) Factors which determine the suitability of an area for farming:
* relief/landscape
* soils
* quantity of rainfall
* distribution of rainfall during the year
* reliability of the weather
* accessibility to markets
Any four. 4x1/2
(ii) Uruguay is shown to be of medium suitability for farming, Rio de la Plata coast is most suitable. 1
(iii) Area A is of little use for farming because:
* Southern Andes/Patagonia: mountainous (2000 metres)
* very heavy rainfall (1500 mm)
* cold - maximum temperature 10°C
* infertile
* acid/rocky soils
* remote from markets - Santiago = 750kms from latitude 40°S
Area B is of little use for farming because:
* Amazonia: dense/impenetrable rainforest
* heavy rainfall (2000 mm)
* leached/acidic/infertile soils
* hot (28°C) and humid climate is difficult to work in
* remote from markets - Manaus to Belem = 1000kms +
* rainforest infested with disease, biting insect etc.
A or B, any three. 3x1
(b) (i) `A farmer's choice' is a farmer's economic decision to grow/rear a particular crop/livestock as
opposed to others - in order to maximise outputs/affects his or her profit margins. 1
(ii) Arable: the growing of crops, e.g. wheat, rice, sorghum and coffee
Pastoral: the rearing of livestock, e.g. sheep, camels, poultry and dairy cattle etc.
Mixed: production of crops and animals on the same farm, e.g. South Downs, England. 3x1
(c) (i) 1. A physical factor: a farming influence to do with the natural environment, e.g. landscape/relief,
soils, climate etc.
2. A human factor: a human input intended to increase outputs/productivity/profits, e.g. pesticides,
new seed drill etc. 2x1
(ii) 1. Physical factors:
* relief/landscape
* soils
* rainfall totals and distribution
* mean temperatures
* length of growing season etc.
Any two.
2. Human factor:
* labour force
* rent
* fertilisers/ pesticides or herbicides
* energy costs
* machinery
* market demand
* government/EU policy
Any two. 2x2

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Physical factors which might influence the farmer's choice:
* relief: slope angles above 15°C cannot be worked by heavy machinery - therefore pastoral
farming predominates
* OR soils: cereal crops are best suited to light sandy/loamy soils; heavier clays can be used for
roots, e.g.…read more

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GCSE AGRICULTURE
ANSWERS TO QUESTION 2
(a) (i) Inputs 1
(ii) Outputs 1
(b) Farm B can be described as the more extensive because:
* more land
* ratio of outputs to inputs lower than farm A
* ratio of labour to land lower than farm A
Any two. 2x1
(c) * From evidence in column 1: A is labour intensive but B is capital (machinery) intensive.…read more

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GCSE AGRICULTURE
ANSWERS TO QUESTION 3
(a) (i) Commercial farming 1
(ii) Types of farming found in Africa include:
* subsistence farming
* nomadic herding
* shifting cultivation
* commercial farming
Any two. 2x1
(b) 1. Subsistence farming
2. Nomadic herding
3. Shifting cultivation
4.…read more

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GCSE AGRICULTURE
ANSWERS TO QUESTION 4
(a) 1. The farmer rears calves: herd of 20 cows serviced/fertilised by one bull.
2. The farm is a hill farm: height above sea level ranges from 10 - 1200 metres above sea level;
sheep are the most important output.
3. The farm is a mixed farm: livestock (sheep and cattle) and crops (oats, potatoes and turnips) produced.…read more

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GCSE AGRICULTURE
ANSWERS TO QUESTION 5
(a) (i) Crops which are likely to be grown in the market gardening region of Uruguay:
* tomatoes
* cucumbers
* lettuces
* spring onions
* radishes
* i.e. any salad crops
* flowers
* pot plants
* soft fruits
Any two. 2x1
(ii) 1. Market gardening
2. Livestock farming 2x1
(iii) 175 kilometres (accept 170 - 180 kilometres) 1
(iv) `Intensive farming' involves high inputs of labour, agro-chemicals, machinery etc.…read more

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GCSE AGRICULTURE
ANSWERS TO QUESTION 6
(a) (i) Accept 810,000 - 825,000 (do not accept 800,000) 1
(ii) Decreased (very rapidly) 1
(iii) The number of tractors has increased (rapidly) OR number of combine harvesters has increased 1
(iv) The number of horses on farms decreased rapidly to 1975, then very slowly to 1995. 2x1
(v) The number of horses on farms has decreased because of increased mechanisation, tractors and
combine harvesters have replaced horses.…read more

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