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Page 1

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GCSE AGRICULTURE
ANSWERS TO QUESTION 1

(a) (i) Factors which determine the suitability of an area for farming:
* relief/landscape
* soils
* quantity of rainfall
* distribution of rainfall during the year
* reliability of the weather
* accessibility to markets
Any four. 4x1/2

(ii) Uruguay is shown to…

Page 2

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(c) (iii) Physical factors which might influence the farmer's choice:
* relief: slope angles above 15°C cannot be worked by heavy machinery - therefore pastoral
farming predominates
* OR soils: cereal crops are best suited to light sandy/loamy soils; heavier clays can be used for
roots, e.g. sugar beet and…

Page 3

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GCSE AGRICULTURE
ANSWERS TO QUESTION 2

(a) (i) Inputs 1

(ii) Outputs 1

(b) Farm B can be described as the more extensive because:
* more land
* ratio of outputs to inputs lower than farm A
* ratio of labour to land lower than farm A
Any two. 2x1…

Page 4

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GCSE AGRICULTURE
ANSWERS TO QUESTION 3

(a) (i) Commercial farming 1

(ii) Types of farming found in Africa include:
* subsistence farming
* nomadic herding
* shifting cultivation
* commercial farming
Any two. 2x1

(b) 1. Subsistence farming
2. Nomadic herding
3. Shifting cultivation
4. Commercial farming 4x1

(c) (i)…

Page 5

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GCSE AGRICULTURE
ANSWERS TO QUESTION 4

(a) 1. The farmer rears calves: herd of 20 cows serviced/fertilised by one bull.
2. The farm is a hill farm: height above sea level ranges from 10 - 1200 metres above sea level;
sheep are the most important output.
3. The farm is…

Page 6

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GCSE AGRICULTURE
ANSWERS TO QUESTION 5

(a) (i) Crops which are likely to be grown in the market gardening region of Uruguay:
* tomatoes
* cucumbers
* lettuces
* spring onions
* radishes
* i.e. any salad crops
* flowers
* pot plants
* soft fruits
Any two. 2x1

(ii)…

Page 7

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GCSE AGRICULTURE
ANSWERS TO QUESTION 6

(a) (i) Accept 810,000 - 825,000 (do not accept 800,000) 1

(ii) Decreased (very rapidly) 1

(iii) The number of tractors has increased (rapidly) OR number of combine harvesters has increased 1

(iv) The number of horses on farms decreased rapidly to 1975, then…

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