Question on coasts GCSE GEOGRAPHY

Question on coasts GCSE GEOGRAPHY

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GCSE COASTAL LANDSCAPES & PROCESSES
Do not
QUESTION SHEET 1
write in
margin
Study Figure 1, which shows the cross-section of a coastal area and Figure 2 which shows a coastline of
headlands and bays.
Figure 1
A
B
C
D
E
Sea level
Figure 2
Land
d
dlan
Hea
Bay
Bay
2
F
1 Sea
3
Direction of longshore drift
N
Sand deposits pier groyne town
(a) (i) Name the five features labelled A to E on Fig. 1 by choosing from the following list:
arch; cave; cliff; original land-surface; raised beach;
stack; stump; wave-cut platform.
A B
C D
E [5]
[F Tier]
(ii) Which of the sites, 1, 2 or 3 in Fig. 2 is the location of the cross-section in Fig. 1?
[1]
[F and H Tiers]

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Page 2

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Name three uses which people may make of this coastline.
Do not
1. write in
margin
2.
3.
[3]
[F Tier]
(ii) Describe the problems these uses might create.
[4]
[F Tier]
(c) (i) Suggest why headlands and bays have been formed on the coastline in Fig. 2.
[4]
[H Tier]
(ii) Suggest why groynes have been built in the bay labelled 2 on Fig. 2.…read more

Page 3

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Name feature F shown on Fig. 2.
Do not
write in
Name
margin
[1]
[H Tier]
(iv) By means of a labelled diagram ONLY, explain how such a feature was formed.
Annotate the above sketch to show the following information in the correct place.
A: Source of main spit building waves.
B: Source of material to construct the shingle spit.
C: Mud and marsh.
D: Point at which the original coastline changes direction.…read more

Page 4

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Explain the value of a beach to the local community.…read more

Page 5

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GCSE COASTAL LANDSCAPES & PROCESSES
Do not
QUESTION SHEET 2
write in
margin
Study Figure 1 below which shows a section of the English coast.…read more

Page 6

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Explain fully why bays and headlands have formed along the coast.
Do not
write in
margin
[4]
[F and H Tiers]
(e) The Foreland, caves and stacks are to be found. Explain, with the aid of labelled diagrams,
the characteristics and formation of caves and stacks.…read more

Page 7

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Study Figure 2 below which shows erosion and weathering of the cliff at Peveril Point
on Figure 1. Do not
write in
margin
W
location of
Grand Hotel
Sea
The cliff in Figure 2 has been protected by the Local Authority at a cost of £20 million.…read more

Page 8

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Study Figure 3 below which shows an advertisement for a hotel on the seafront.
Do not
write in
THE GRAND HOTEL margin
Seaviews from all rooms.
Quiet and secluded beach with
hotel's own beach chalets.
Local fishing. 30 beds. Open all year.
Outline the advantages and disadvantages of coastal protection to the hotel owner.
[4]
[F and H Tier]
(h) Describe the ways in which the cliff might be protected from erosion.…read more

Page 9

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GCSE COASTAL LANDSCAPES & PROCESSES
Do not
QUESTION SHEET 3
write in
margin
Study Figure 1 which shows a stretch of coastline.
0 km 1
N
Cliffs
Marina
B Groynes
A
Hotels Sea-wall
Large Old Houses 1950 Beach
S EA groyne Modern Houses 1995 Beach
(a) What is a marina?
[1]
[H Tier]
(b) (i) What happened to the beach at A between 1950 and 1995?
[1]
[F Tier]
(ii) Suggest two reasons why the large groyne was constructed.
1.
2.…read more

Page 10

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As the scale of the map in Figure 1 is small it has not been possible to show the detailed shape of the
Do not
beach between the groynes at B.
write in
margin
Sea wall
N
B S EA
Draw on Figure 2 the probable shape of the beach and add an arrow to indicate the most
frequent (prevailing) direction of wave approach.
[2]
[F Tier]
(e) (i) Give two different landforms resulting from longshore drift.
1.
2.…read more

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