Plate Tectonics and Associated Hazards The Sumatran-Andaman Earthquake and Indian Ocean tsunami - with pictures, very detailed

aid

hazard management

effects

why

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  • Created on: 11-09-12 00:27
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Plate Tectonics and Associated Hazards
The SumatranAndaman Earthquake and Indian Ocean tsunami
When: 26th December 2004
Epicentre: Off the NorthWest tip of the Indonesian island Sumatra (160km offshore)
Plates involved: The IndoAustralian plate is being subducted under the Burma part of the
Eurasian plate, slipping 1520m. A section of sea bed on the Eurasian side of the fault rose
several metres generating an earthquake
Magnitude of the Earthquake: 9.09.1

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Waves: 2030m in height
Aftershocks: As of 1 January 2005, there were about 84 aftershocks with magnitudes
ranging from 5.0 to 7.0. 26, including the largest, occurred on the 26 December 2004, the
same day as the earthquakes. Since the 1st many more aftershocks have occurred and many
more are expected
Countries effected:
Indonesia (Sumatra):
Nearest land to the epicentre
Sustained the worst human losses and damages
Whole towns and villages swept away ­ 1,500 villages destroyed.…read more

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General:
Thousands Killed
Thousands injured
1.…read more

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More than 160 aid organisations and the UN began operations to provide food,
shelter and schooling
Foreign troops also involved in the initial emergency relief effort
A year later 60,000 still living in tents
Sri Lanka
$3bn pledged by international donors but much was not delivered as the government
and Tamil tigers spent months wrangling over how to distribute it.…read more

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Problems delivering financial helped meant in March 2005, $4bn in aid promised to
governments had still not been delivered
Worldwide publicity meant charities were given considerable donations E.g.…read more

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