OCR GCSE History 1939 - 1975 (Youth in revolt)

A set of cards on youth in the period 1939 - 1975.

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Anti-Vietnam protest (1968) March and October

March Protest for America to leave vietnam.

This protest took place in London were approximately 10,000 demonstrated outside the US embassy. Police towards the end of the rally tied to stop them which caused an outbreak of violence resulting in property damage, and casualties.

  • fifty taken to hospital
  • 200 arrested
  • Outraged by police brutality
  • Vanessa Redgrave

October protest

This protest was then repeated in October were once again tensions began to rise outside the US embassy, and this time with approx 25,000 supporters the amount of police had to be raised significantly.

This may have been more effective than they first believed though because American troops left Vietnam in March 1973 only 5 years later.

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CND established (1957)

The CND (campaign for nuclear disarmament) were established in 1957. Probably due to the rising number of students entering secondary education. They were rather succesful hosting the first Aldermaston March in 1958 supporting mainly the idea of disarmament of nuclear weapons within the UK but also global nuclear disarmament. Though this could prove problematic because of Mutually assured destruction.

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Notting Hill riots (1958)

The Notting Hill riots happened in 1958, these riots were caused by an increase in racial tension after increase of immigration. The riots were caused by a group of teddy boys approximately. During the series of attacks approximately 140 people were arrested, mostly white people but also a few black people found carrying weapons. 300-400 teddy boys took part in the riots.

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Fights on the beaches (1964)

Perhaps the most well known incidents involving both the mods and rockers.

This was when Mods and Rockers and had massive fights taking place at a few beachside resorts including Brighton, Bournemouth and Margate. There seemed to be no motivation for this fighting, other than that the two gangs hated each other.

  • 5 girls taken to hospital
  • 2 knife wounds
  • People at Margate fined a total of 1900 pounds.
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Mods and Rockers

Mods- Mods were groups of youths who originated in the 1950's.

  • They rode vespers
  • They liked Pop music
  • They wore tailor made suits.

rockers - Rockers were a group of youths originating in the 1960's.

  • They wore baggy trousers and leather jackets.
  • They rode motorcycles.
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Blackboard jungle (1955)

An American film shown in England in 1955. The film when shown in Elephant & Castle caused riots in the aisles. They rioted because of the derogatory way it reffered to students, riots happened in nearly ever showing of this movie in England. 

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Financial Power (1959)

Many believe that the rise of youth subcultures is entirely down to the increased financial power held by youth at the time. It is believed that the abundance of work. In 1959 it is believed that teenagers had 830 million pounds to spend the majority of which was sspent on records and record players. The increase of money also meant that it was easier for youth to shape their own fashion trends and began idolising  rock and roll idols like james dean.

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Butler Education act (1944)

The Butler education act passed in 1944 encouraged students to go into secondary education and this increased knowledge allowed youth to form groups such as CND because they had a much higher understanding of the rest of the world.

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The beatles Sgt. Pepper (1967)

The beatles sgt.Peppers Lonely heart club band was a sign of the newfound controversiality obtainable by the general public.

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Idolization

Many figures became idols during the 1950's with their newly gained wealth many teenagers found they could follow trends set by their idols. Many teenagers went to concerts and as John Lennon once said that they were "more popular than Jesus".

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