All Past exam questions AQA UNIT 1

Booklet of all past exam questions for psychology unit 1 (AQA)

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Additional sample questions
1. Four of the following statements are descriptions of different components of the Working Memory
A. Stores acoustically coded items for a short period
B. Stores and deals with what items look like and the physical relationship between them
C. Encodes data in terms of its meaning
D. Acts like a form of attention and controls slave systems
E. Silently repeats words that are heard or seen
a. In the table below, write down which description matches each component part of the model (4
Components of working memory model Description of components
Phonological loop
Visuo-spatial sketch pad
Articulatory process
Central executive
b. Identify and explain ONE weakness of the working memory model (4 marks)
2. Explain ONE way in which anxiety can affect the accuracy of eyewitness testimony (4 marks)
3. One strategy often used by students to try to improve their memory ability is to repeat information
that they wish to learn over and over again. In order to investigate this, an experimenter gave a
group of participants a list of words with the instruction that they were to repeat the list over and
over verbally. A second group of participants were given the same list f words, but they were only
allowed to read them once. The number of words recalled by the two groups was compared.
a. Give a directional hypothesis for this study (2 marks)
b. Explain why it is important that the same list of words was used with both groups of participants
(2 marks)
c. (i) State what the independent variable is in this study (1 mark)
(ii) State what the dependent variable would be in this study (1 mark)
d. A volunteer sample was used in this study. Outline ONE weakness of this type of sampling for
this study (2 marks)
e. The findings from this investigation are shown in the table below.
Mean number of words recalled
Participants using repetition 13.6
Participants not using repetition 8.4
Explain ONE conclusion that can be drawn from these findings (4 marks)
4. Outline and evaluate the multi-store model of memory (12 marks)

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Page 2

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1. Outline two behaviours characteristic of an infant with
a. An insecure-resistant attachment type
b. An insecure-avoidant type (2+2 marks)
2. a. Outline key features of the evolutionary perspective explanation of attachment (6 marks)
b. Explain TWO limitations of the evolutionary perspective explanation of attachment (2+2 marks)
3. Lilieth is an experienced nurse who has been put in charge of a newly-established children's ward in
a local hospital.…read more

Page 3

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Ainsworth investigated attachment behaviour using a controlled observation called the Strange
Situation. This involved testing levels of stranger anxiety and separation anxiety. However, the
procedure has been accused of lacking validity.
a. Explain what is meant by the term validity (2 marks)
b. Explain why the Strange Situation may be lacking in validity (3 marks)
Further practice questions
1. Zac is playing a computer game which involves sorting coloured shapes that appear on the
screen.…read more

Page 4

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Examine the letters in each of the lists and explain why the investigator selected the
letters in each list (3 marks)
b. For each participant, the number of correctly recalled letters from List 1 and List 2 was
entered on a table of results.…read more

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Specimen question paper
1. a. Using the list below, complete the table to distinguish between long-term memory and short-term
memory.…read more

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Mainly semantic
Short-term memory (STM) Long-term memory (LTM)
b. Using the multi-store model of memory, outline how information is transferred from short-term
memory to long-term memory. (2 marks)
2. a. Outline key features of the working memory model (6 marks)
b. Explain ONE strength of the working memory model (4 marks)
3. Kate is revising for her driving theory test. She needs to remember a variety of information such as rules
relating to speed limits and stopping distances.…read more

Page 7

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A psychologist wished to investigate early child development. She decided to interview some mothers
and ask them questions about their infants' social behaviour.
a. Explain ONE disadvantage of using an interview to collect these data (2 marks)
b. Write ONE question that the psychologist could ask the mothers about their child's social behaviour that
would generate QUALITATIVE data (2 marks)
c. explain ONE strength of qualitative data (2 marks)
d. The researcher decided to undertake an observational study of aggression in toddlers.…read more

Page 8

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Unit 1 January 2009
1) The following are all concepts relating to memory:
A. Duration
B. Capacity
C. Encoding
D. Retrieval
a. In the table below, write which ONE of the concepts listed above matches each definition (2 marks)
The length of time the memory store holds
Transforming incoming information into a form
that can be stored in memory
b. Outline the main features of the multi-store model of memory (6 marks)
c.…read more

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Psychologists have carried out research into the use of cognitive interviews. One possible
ethical issue which might arise during this research is protection of participants from harm.
Explain how psychologists could deal with this ethical issue. (3 marks)
6) Ainsworth and Bell observed infants in an unfamiliar room to assess the quality of their attachment
to their mother.…read more

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Unit 1 May 2009
1. Cognitive interviews have been developed to improve witness recall. Identify and explain TWO
techniques used in the cognitive interview (6 marks)
2. A brain scan shows that one area of the brain is more active when a person is doing a verbal task.
However, when this person is doing a visual task, a different area of the brain is more active.
(a) Explain how this could relate to the working memory model.…read more



This is awesome! But do you have the mark scheme for these questions? :)

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