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Aids/HIV Mozambique-Introduction
Aids/HIV is the at the top of the biggest causes of death. With 70,110 people
dying from this disease each year.
It was discovered in 1986 when it's first case was diagnosed and it was
followed by a steady increase in the prevalence rate up to about 16.2%
among Mozambique's population aged 15-49 years in 2004.Then in July of
2004 the government recognised that HIV/AIDS had become a national
emergency.
The life expectancy was originally 41 years and then it declined after the
epidemic was introduced in 2004 to 38.1 years.
The average is that, 500 new infections occur every day, 90 of them in young
children through mother-to-child transmission. An estimate of 1.6 million
Mozambicans are living with HIV or AIDS, and over 90,000 of them are
children under the age of 15.
16% of Mozambicans have HIV/AIDS-the greatest threat to Mozambique's
development. Of the 1.7 million people living with HIV/AIDS, 58% are women.…read more

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Aids/HIV Mozambique-Who's Vulnerable
Majority affected by AIDS/HIV are women. This is due to the low
status of women and the imbalance of social, sexual and physical
power so they have no chance to insist in contraception for safe sex.
Girls and young women are particularly susceptible to the virus. This is
present in girls/women aged 15-19 years and 20-24 years. Also their
prevalence rate is three times higher than that of boys/young men. In
2004, the prevalence rate was 2.6% among 15-19 year old boys and
6.9% for 20-24 year-old men. This is in comparison to 8.1% and 20.9%
among girls and women of those age groups.
The prevalence rate is much higher in the central areas of Sofala,
Manica, Tete and Zambezia Sofala had the highest rate of 26.5% in
2002.…read more

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Aids/HIV Mozambique-Reasons for Spread
The central region of Mozambique hosts the transport corridors from
neighbouring countries to the ports of Nacala and Beira. Due to the
rapid spread, AIDS has become a common under-lying cause of illness
and death among children. In 2003, 16,200 children under the age of
five were estimated to have died as a consequence of AIDS.
It is suggested that cultural habits are the main reasons for the spread
of this disease. Risk factors for women included poverty, an inability to
negotiate the use of condoms, early start to sexual activities, sexual
abuse - but also widowhood and certain traditional ceremonies.
The other reason for the spread in Mozambique is because it's an
LEDC so they have less education and contraception available for
people to access and prevent the contraction of HIV/AIDS.
No contraception Not enough suppressant
drugs for population…read more

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Map of Africa coloured according to the percentage of the Adult (ages 15-49)
population with HIV/AIDS.
Mozambique…read more

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People living with Orphans
HIV/AIDS Adult (15-49) rate Women with Children with AIDS
Country due to
% HIV/AIDS HIV/AIDS deaths
AIDS
Mozambique 1,500,000 12.5 810,000 100,000 81,000 400,000
HIV AIDS
Estimated adult HIV prevalence rate (aged 15­49), 2007 12.5
Estimated number of people (all ages) living with HIV, 2007 (thousands), estimate 1500
Mother-to-child transmission, Estimated number of women (aged 15+) living with HIV, 2007 (thousands) 810
Paediatric infections, Estimated number of children (aged 0­14) living with HIV, 2007 (thousands) 100
Prevention among young people, HIV prevalence among young people (aged 15­24), 2007, male 2.9
Prevention among young people, HIV prevalence among young people (aged 15­24), 2007, female 8.5
Prevention among young people, % who have comprehensive knowledge of HIV, 2002­2007*, male 33
Prevention among young people, % who have comprehensive knowledge of HIV, 2002­2007*, female 20
Prevention among young people, % who used condom at last higher-risk sex, 2002­2007*, male 33
Prevention among young people, % who used condom at last higher-risk sex, 2002­2007*, female 29
Orphans, Children (aged 0­17) orphaned by AIDS, 2007, estimate (thousands) 400
Orphans, Children (aged 0­17) orphaned due to all causes, 2007, estimate (thousands) 1400…read more

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