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TOPIC OUTLINES
HIV/AIDS
Cholera
Influenza

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The impact on the health sector
Heavily affected countries have additional pressure on the health sector
The demand for care for those living with HIV rises, as does the toll of AIDS
on health workers.
Stain on hospitals increase
In sub-Saharan Africa, people with HIV-related diseases occupy…

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o electricity (16%)
o other services (9%)
Falling incomes forced about 6% of households to reduce the amount
they spent on food and almost half of households reported having
insufficient food at times.
Agricultural work is neglected or abandoned due to household illness.
In Malawi HIV and…

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Due to the amount of time spent caring for dependents, older people may
become isolated from their peers as they no longer have the time to
dedicate to their social networks that need to be fostered to prevent
isolation and loneliness.
Tapping into savings if available and…

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A decline in school enrolment is one of the most visible effects of the
epidemic.
This in itself will have an effect on HIV prevention, as a good, basic
education ranks among the most effective and cost-effective means of
preventing HIV.
There are numerous barriers to school…

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The epidemic hits productivity through increased absenteeism.
Comparative studies of East African businesses have shown that
absenteeism can account for as much as 25-54% of company costs.
A study in several Southern African countries has estimated that the
combined impact of AIDS-related absenteeism, productivity declines,
health-care expenditures,…

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By affecting this age group so heavily, AIDS is hitting adults in their most
economically productive years and removing the very people who could
be responding to the crisis.
The economic impact
Reductions the labour supply through increased mortality and illness.
Government income also declines, as tax…

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