Pages in this set

Page 1

Preview of page 1
28/3/12 8:45 AM


Page 2

Preview of page 2
28/3/12 8:45 AM

The impact on the health sector
Heavily affected countries have additional pressure on the health sector
The demand for care for those living with HIV rises, as does the toll of AIDS
on health workers.
Stain on hospitals increase
In sub-Saharan Africa, people with HIV-related diseases occupy…

Page 3

Preview of page 3
28/3/12 8:45 AM

o electricity (16%)
o other services (9%)
Falling incomes forced about 6% of households to reduce the amount
they spent on food and almost half of households reported having
insufficient food at times.
Agricultural work is neglected or abandoned due to household illness.
In Malawi HIV and…

Page 4

Preview of page 4
28/3/12 8:45 AM

Due to the amount of time spent caring for dependents, older people may
become isolated from their peers as they no longer have the time to
dedicate to their social networks that need to be fostered to prevent
isolation and loneliness.
Tapping into savings if available and…

Page 5

Preview of page 5
28/3/12 8:45 AM

A decline in school enrolment is one of the most visible effects of the
This in itself will have an effect on HIV prevention, as a good, basic
education ranks among the most effective and cost-effective means of
preventing HIV.
There are numerous barriers to school…

Page 6

Preview of page 6
28/3/12 8:45 AM

The epidemic hits productivity through increased absenteeism.
Comparative studies of East African businesses have shown that
absenteeism can account for as much as 25-54% of company costs.
A study in several Southern African countries has estimated that the
combined impact of AIDS-related absenteeism, productivity declines,
health-care expenditures,…

Page 7

Preview of page 7
28/3/12 8:45 AM

By affecting this age group so heavily, AIDS is hitting adults in their most
economically productive years and removing the very people who could
be responding to the crisis.
The economic impact
Reductions the labour supply through increased mortality and illness.
Government income also declines, as tax…

Page 8

Preview of page 8
28/3/12 8:45 AM

Page 9

Preview of page 9
28/3/12 8:45 AM

Page 10

Preview of page 10
28/3/12 8:45 AM


No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »