Uganda - youthful population 

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  • Created by: Revisiola
  • Created on: 08-05-16 16:33
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  • Uganda - youthful population
    • Background information
      • In 2007 ,50% of the population was below the age of 15
      • high birth and fertility rates
        • on average women have 7 children during their reproductive years
      • life expectancy :52
    • Implications
      • Increased demand for health services
        • raising due to high fertility and increased further by AIDS epidemic
        • uneven distribution of health services and poor access to facilities
      • Increased demand for educational services
        • the high birth rate doesn't allow the gov. to reach a universal primary education
        • the population of primary school age children is expected to increase be over 50% between 1991 and 2021
        • large expenditures will need to paid for : teachers, classrooms and materials
      • Family welfare
        • early child bearing has consequences
          • young mothers lack material resources to support their children
          • encourages school drop-outs
            • barrier to further education and a successful career
      • Demand for environmental resources
        • degradation of the environment
        • Increase use of marginal lands which cat support agricultural sustainability
        • depletion of wetlands to expand agricultural lands
        • deforestation to gain land use and firewood for fuel
      • Labour force and employment
        • substantial expansion mainly in agriculture
        • few employment opportunities
          • unemployment
          • crime
          • rural-urban migration
          • under employment
        • labour force is expected to double between 1991 and 2021 to reach 16.8 M
      • Urbanisation and housing
        • adequate housing and social amenities aren't keeping pace with demand due to the population increase
          • overcrowding
          • very low numbers have access to electricity and safe drinking water
          • growth of slums
          • pit latrines are the most common form of a toilet facility
      • Demand for social security
        • no comprehensive social security policy , individual households are responsible
    • Strategies
      • Encouraging the use of contraception and family planning
        • under 25% of married women use contraception
        • gov. has brought free contraceptives e.g. condoms
          • reduces birth rate and prevents overpopulation
        • since 1991 the birth rate has increased, suggesting that the population manages isn't working
      • policies combat AIDS/HIV
        • ABC approach
          • Abstain from sex until marriage , Be faithful to one partner and use Condoms
          • HIV infection rates fell from 15% of all adults in 1991 to 5% in 2001
            • this relieves pressure on the health system and frees up money


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