A Level Textiles Essential Fibres Grid

A grid detailing some of the basic fibres in the AQA A Level Textiles specification, their source, properties, end uses etc.

I will add the remaining fibres to the grid and post at a later date.

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  • Created by: hdobbie
  • Created on: 13-05-14 13:12
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Name of Origin Formation of Yarn Logo Appearance Properties - Good Properties - Uses Often
Fibre of Fibre Bad Blended
With
Cotton Staple fibres Ginned (separated from seeds, Very absorbent, therefore Creases easily; Household linen, curtains Polyester,
from around dirt, leaves), cleaned, carded non-static; soft handle; good slow drying; and towels, shirts, polyamide
the seeds of (aligns individual fibres) drape; good strength, cool to wear; underwear, trousers and (Nylon),
Gossypium drawn (several strands of sliver abrasion resistance and may shrink. jeans, work wear, viscose,
plants. brought into one and drawn durability; naturally awnings and sewing modal,
Cellulosic. out), spun into yarn. breathable; cool to wear; thread. Fabrics: corduroy, Elastane.
biodegradable and recyclable. calico, denim, gingham,
drill, terry towelling.
Wool Staple fibres Sorted, washed (remove lanolin Very absorbent, therefore Felts and Blankets, carpets and Nylon,
from the fleece and vegetable matter), picked non-static; breathable; shrinks if not upholstery, suits, acrylic.
of sheep. (fibres are teased), carded, hydrophilic; woollen = warm, cared for jumpers, overcoats,
Protein. roving (fibre web split into worsted = cool; UV and fire properly. sports garments, ties,
strips), spun into yarn. resistant; soft or coarse scarves, hats and socks,
handle; good elasticity ­ industrial felts,
doesn't crease easily; agricultural blankets and
biodegradable and recyclable. geotextiles.
Silk From cocoon of Cocoons sorted, boiled, reeled Absorbent; elastic, therefore Difficult to care luxury day and evening Polyester.
(cultivated) mulberry (unwound and a few filaments crease resistant; cool but can for; rots if wear, underwear,
silkworm. twisted together onto a reel), also be a good insulator; fine, subject to wadding for performance
Filament fibres and thrown (twisted). smooth, lustrous, elegant perspiration; skiwear, racing bike tyre
up to 1km in drape; strong, durable, stains easily. reinforcement, scarves,
length. lightweight. ties, hats, handbags,
umbrellas, sewing and
embroidery threads.
Viscose Natural Cellulose extracted, purified; Absorbent, non-static; Shrinks; poor Shirts, dresses, lingerie, Cotton,
cellulose from bleached; pressed into sheets breathable; dyes well; fine, elasticity ribbons and trimmings, linen, wool,
wood pulp from and dissolved in NaOH; pressed soft handle, good drape. (creases), curtains, lining fabrics. polyester,
pine/eucalyptu again, shredded and aged; lower strength elastane.
s. Regenerated dissolved in chemicals; than cotton.
fibre. extruded through spinneret
into cool liquid to solidify ­ wet
spun.

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Acetate Cotton cellulose Can be produced as filaments Low absorbency ­ fast drying; Low Silk-type fabrics for Wool or
& acetic acid. and microfibers. 95% of the naturally breathable; soft absorbency ­ dresses, blouses, linings; viscose
acetic acid can be recycled. Wet handle with elegant drape; prone to static, microfibre performance (winter);
spun as above. dyes well; biodegradable and creases easily, fabric; embroidery yarns, cotton, linen
recyclable. low warmth, ribbons and trimmings. or silk
sensitive to (summer);
dry heat polyester;
(thermoplastic elastane.
).
Acrylic Petrochemicals.…read more

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