Textiles Key Words

The wearing away of a textiles product by rubbing.
1 of 61
Abrasion Test
A simulated test which tests the performance of a textiles product for a particular end use.
2 of 61
The ability of a product to take in water/liquid.
3 of 61
Man made natural polymer cellulose based fibre.
4 of 61
Acid Dye
A dye that can be used on protien fibres and some synthetic fibres.
5 of 61
A man made synthetic polymer fibre.
6 of 61
An antibacterial acrylic fibre used for clothing.
7 of 61
Batch Dyeing
The dyeing of textiles products, all together at one stage of a process at a time.
8 of 61
Batik (Dyeing or Printing)
A method of dyeing using a wooden block, or a paint brust, which is used to add resistant to areas of the fabric using wax, gum, or starch resist.
9 of 61
Blended Fibres
Two or more fibres mixed together into a single yarn.
10 of 61
Block Printing
A method used to describe the printing of a design onto fabric by using a wooden bock.
11 of 61
Bonded Fabrics
A method of making fabric by layering, fusing, or matting fibres together, using heat, adhesives, or chemicals.
12 of 61
Boucle Yarn
Plain weave using piled or uneven yarns with a looped surface, giving a roungh appearence to the fabric.
13 of 61
British Standards Institution (BSI)
Professional orginisation which sets the standards for industry and decides what tests needs to be applied to different products.
14 of 61
A method of producing a fabric where the fibres are brushed and teased, producing a furry surface on the fabric.
15 of 61
Computer Aided Design - Using the computer as a tool to crete designs.
16 of 61
A finishing process, used on fabrics to add smoothness and lustre. It is done by passing the fabric between rollers until it is flat and smooth.
17 of 61
Calvary Twist
A firm warp faced twill fabric.
18 of 61
Computer Aided Manufacture - The use of the computer to aid the manufacturing process.
19 of 61
Care Labels
Used on garments and products to show the fibre content, place of origin and after care for washing etc.
20 of 61
A synthetic fibre with a high recovery and extension.
21 of 61
Thw ability of a fabric to return to its origional shape and size afterit has being stretched.
22 of 61
Yarns and fibres conbined together into a long length.
23 of 61
A product used to hold component parts of a garment together.
24 of 61
A fine, hair like structure which can be natural, synthetic or regenerated. it can also be filament or staple.
25 of 61
A special process applied to a yarn or fabric during production to enhance its qualities.
26 of 61
Flame Resistant
A property or finish on the fibre which gives it the ability to become resistant to fire or flames. for example, it is used in fire fighters jackets.
27 of 61
Knitted Fabric
A stretchy fabric constructed by interlacing loops of a yarn.
28 of 61
A method of constructing a fabric, this can be done by hand or machine.
29 of 61
The process of bonding layers of fabric together.
30 of 61
Used to describe how the pattern peices will be laid out on the fabric, for example, which way on the grain line etc.
31 of 61
The term used to describe the intensity with which the light shines on the pieces of fabric.
32 of 61
A man made regenerated fibre that is produced by extruding cellulose through a spinnerette that has been dissolved in a recyclable solvent.
33 of 61
Manufacturing Specification
The specific details and instructions needed to make a product.
34 of 61
The treatment where the fibres are swollen so that the handle of the fibre is modified.
35 of 61
Micro Fibres
Extreemly thin, hair like fibres or filaments.
36 of 61
Mixed Fibres
The mixing of different types of fibres or yarns in a fabric.
37 of 61
Non Woven
Fabrics made up of layers of fibres which are bonded together by heat or pressure.
38 of 61
Synthetic fibre, also known as polyamide.
39 of 61
One-off Production
A product made to a client specification which is unique and will not be replicated.
40 of 61
Pattern Drafting
A method of making up a pattern from a set of production drawigs.
41 of 61
Pattern Grading
A method of scaling a pattern from a basic block to create necessary sizes.
42 of 61
Quality Assurance
Themethod of assuring quality of a product from design through to the manufacture.
43 of 61
Quality Control
Looks at where faults may arise and sets up control systems to aviod them from happening.
44 of 61
A process of using a fine comb to raise the surface of the fabric to give it a soft finish.
45 of 61
Ready to wear fashion which is made on mass.
46 of 61
S Twists
The direction of the yarn twist when made.
47 of 61
Smart Fabrics
Fabrics which d more than make you 'look good', for example, they could change colour in sunlight etc.
48 of 61
A process which makes fibres into yarns.
49 of 61
A polyamide based fibre.
50 of 61
A staple filament fibre which is environmentally friendly.
51 of 61
A sample garment usually made from cotton calico, also known as a prototype.
52 of 61
Tolerence Level
To work within the limits, for example, a 1.5 seam, the tolerence could be allowed as a 1.4 or a 1.4 seam.
53 of 61
Twill Weave
A fabric where it has been weave directionally.
54 of 61
A man made regenerated fibre.
55 of 61
The vertical threads in a woven fabric.
56 of 61
A method of constructing fabric by interlacing warp and weft threads.
57 of 61
The horizontal threads in a woven fabric.
58 of 61
Woven Fabric
Constructed by weaving weft yarns in and out of warp yarns placed on a loom.
59 of 61
A length of fibres or filaments with or without a twist.
60 of 61
Z Twist
The direction of twist added to a yarn during spinning.
61 of 61

Other cards in this set

Card 2


A simulated test which tests the performance of a textiles product for a particular end use.


Abrasion Test

Card 3


The ability of a product to take in water/liquid.


Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4


Man made natural polymer cellulose based fibre.


Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5


A dye that can be used on protien fibres and some synthetic fibres.


Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards


No comments have yet been made

Similar Textiles resources:

See all Textiles resources »See all Textiles resources »