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Textiles ALevel Revision Jess Marshall




Warmth Absorbency Comfort Handle and Strength Elasticity Aftercare
(comfort) (comfort) (comfort) drape (functional) (functional) (functional)
(aesthetics)


Natural fibres


Wool Warm to Slow, can Fine wool, very Very soft or Medium Very good. Wash and iron
wear. comfortable. coarse strength, not Creases with care, may
Coarse…

Page 2

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Jess Marshall
Textiles ALevel Revision

Lyocell Low Very good Very Excellent Stronger than Poor. Disposable.
(high warmth. absorbency. comfortable. handle. other cellulose Totally
performance More absorbent Good drape. fibred, biodegradable,
viscose fibre) than cotton. including can be recycled.
cotton and Biodegrades in 8
many types of days.
polyester.

Rubber Good,…

Page 3

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Textiles ALevel Revision Jess Marshall



handle, shrink.
good drape. Thermoplastic.





Fibres
Fibres are the basis for all textiles. You need to know the difference between natural and synthetic
fibres, how each fibre is used, and which fibres can be combined together.

Textile materials are made in three stages:

1. spinning:…

Page 4

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Jess Marshall
Textiles ALevel Revision





































Natural Fibres

Vegetable Animal Fibres Mineral Fibres
Fibres (protein)
(cellulose)

Seed Cotton Wool Wool Silicate Asbestos

Stem Linen (flax) Fine hair Cashmere
Mohair

Leaf Sisal Silk Cultivated
Wild


Cotton:

Cool to wear unless brushed
Highly absorbent
Slow drying
Very comfortable unless wet
Soft handle
Good…

Page 5

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Textiles ALevel Revision Jess Marshall


Produced as a staple fibre
Absorbs up to 65% of own weight without dripping
Nonstatic because it always contains some moisture
Naturally breathable
Biodegradable and recyclable
Fabrics:
calico, corduroy, denim, gingham, drill, terry towelling
Finishes:
mercerising ­ for higher strength and lustre
synthetic resin treatment…

Page 6

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Textiles ALevel Revision Jess Marshall


Typical blends include Linen 50% Cotton 50%, Linen 70% Nylon 25% Elastane 5%, Linen 70%
Modal 30%, Linen 50% Cotton 46% Acrylic 4%.
Typically blended with viscose, Tencel, polyester and silk
Typical linen fabrics include interlining, Holland (for window blinds)
Typical end uses include, household…

Page 7

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Jess Marshall
Textiles ALevel Revision

Machine washable wool ­ for woven's and knitwear at 40°C, using the wool cycle and approved
detergents
Total Easy Care Wool ­ for woven's and knitwear
Silicon treatment ­ for weatherproofing
Typical wool fabrics include `cool wool', felt, herringbone, flannel, `sport wool', tartan, tweed
Typical…

Page 8

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Jess Marshall
Textiles ALevel Revision

Expensive luxury fabric for coats, and suits
Luxury knitwear
Luxury interior textiles for cars, planes and yachts






Mohair:

Hair of the angora goat, from Texas, South Africa, Turkey, shorn twice a year
Produced as staple fibres
Soft, silky, luxury handle and touch
Good thermal insulator…

Page 9

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Textiles ALevel Revision Jess Marshall


Resistant to sunlight
Resistant to rotting and all types of bacteria
Keeps shape and doesn't shrink
Can be washed or drycleaned
Absorbent
Comfortable to wear especially in warm weather
Insulates well
High cost to the environment









































Silk:

Cool but insulating so can be warm
Highly…

Page 10

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Jess Marshall
Textiles ALevel Revision



Cultivated Silk:

Silk fibres from the cocoon of the Mulberry silkworm
Produced as filaments up to 1km in length and as spun silk
Fine, smooth, lustrous, soft handle, elegant drape
Elastic, fairly creaseresistant, creases drop out

Can absorb up to of its weight in water…

Comments

Caff

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Thank you so much for this it is really good

emma

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Thanks so much this is the best A levle revision material I have ever found :)

jo sherriff

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Sophia

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