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Textiles ALevel Revision Jess Marshall

Warmth Absorbency Comfort Handle and Strength Elasticity Aftercare
(comfort) (comfort) (comfort) drape (functional) (functional) (functional)

Natural fibres

Wool Warm to Slow, can Fine wool, very Very soft or Medium Very good. Wash and iron
wear. comfortable. coarse strength, not Creases with care, may

Page 2

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Jess Marshall
Textiles ALevel Revision

Lyocell Low Very good Very Excellent Stronger than Poor. Disposable.
(high warmth. absorbency. comfortable. handle. other cellulose Totally
performance More absorbent Good drape. fibred, biodegradable,
viscose fibre) than cotton. including can be recycled.
cotton and Biodegrades in 8
many types of days.

Rubber Good,…

Page 3

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Textiles ALevel Revision Jess Marshall

handle, shrink.
good drape. Thermoplastic.

Fibres are the basis for all textiles. You need to know the difference between natural and synthetic
fibres, how each fibre is used, and which fibres can be combined together.

Textile materials are made in three stages:

1. spinning:…

Page 4

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Jess Marshall
Textiles ALevel Revision

Natural Fibres

Vegetable Animal Fibres Mineral Fibres
Fibres (protein)

Seed Cotton Wool Wool Silicate Asbestos

Stem Linen (flax) Fine hair Cashmere

Leaf Sisal Silk Cultivated


Cool to wear unless brushed
Highly absorbent
Slow drying
Very comfortable unless wet
Soft handle

Page 5

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Textiles ALevel Revision Jess Marshall

Produced as a staple fibre
Absorbs up to 65% of own weight without dripping
Nonstatic because it always contains some moisture
Naturally breathable
Biodegradable and recyclable
calico, corduroy, denim, gingham, drill, terry towelling
mercerising ­ for higher strength and lustre
synthetic resin treatment…

Page 6

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Textiles ALevel Revision Jess Marshall

Typical blends include Linen 50% Cotton 50%, Linen 70% Nylon 25% Elastane 5%, Linen 70%
Modal 30%, Linen 50% Cotton 46% Acrylic 4%.
Typically blended with viscose, Tencel, polyester and silk
Typical linen fabrics include interlining, Holland (for window blinds)
Typical end uses include, household…

Page 7

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Jess Marshall
Textiles ALevel Revision

Machine washable wool ­ for woven's and knitwear at 40°C, using the wool cycle and approved
Total Easy Care Wool ­ for woven's and knitwear
Silicon treatment ­ for weatherproofing
Typical wool fabrics include `cool wool', felt, herringbone, flannel, `sport wool', tartan, tweed

Page 8

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Jess Marshall
Textiles ALevel Revision

Expensive luxury fabric for coats, and suits
Luxury knitwear
Luxury interior textiles for cars, planes and yachts


Hair of the angora goat, from Texas, South Africa, Turkey, shorn twice a year
Produced as staple fibres
Soft, silky, luxury handle and touch
Good thermal insulator…

Page 9

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Textiles ALevel Revision Jess Marshall

Resistant to sunlight
Resistant to rotting and all types of bacteria
Keeps shape and doesn't shrink
Can be washed or drycleaned
Comfortable to wear especially in warm weather
Insulates well
High cost to the environment


Cool but insulating so can be warm

Page 10

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Jess Marshall
Textiles ALevel Revision

Cultivated Silk:

Silk fibres from the cocoon of the Mulberry silkworm
Produced as filaments up to 1km in length and as spun silk
Fine, smooth, lustrous, soft handle, elegant drape
Elastic, fairly creaseresistant, creases drop out

Can absorb up to of its weight in water…




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jo sherriff


Hi. This resource is amazing. Thank you for sharing. I hope that you don't mind, but I've added to it and shared the updated version to my blog. 



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