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Unit 3: Design & Manufacture Textiles Revision Notes


INDUSTRIAL MANUFACTURE
THE MANUFACTURE OF TEXTILE PRODUCTS
Fashion is one of the most important industries in the world, and is made up of a number of inter-related
and complex processes. New textile and fashion products are continually appearing in the shops. People…

Page 2

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Unit 3: Design & Manufacture Textiles Revision Notes

Using computer programmes to experiment with colour and texture.
Designing repeat patterns for fabric prints, embroidery designs, knitted or woven pattern.
Making a virtual prototype to see what a product might look like in different colour ways and
fabric textures, and on…

Page 3

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Unit 3: Design & Manufacture Textiles Revision Notes




BULK MANUFACTURE
When a final design has been chosen for bulk manufacture a pattern or template is made.
Pattern Design System (PDS)
If it is a fashion product, the patterns will be developed from basic blocks and will probably be done on…

Page 4

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Unit 3: Design & Manufacture Textiles Revision Notes

Enough fabric to make the products will be ordered. Before it is cut into pattern shapes it is cut in to
pattern shapes it will be checked over in the warehouse. The fabric will be inspected to look for flaws
such as…

Page 5

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Unit 3: Design & Manufacture Textiles Revision Notes

The machinery and the operator skills are very specific for the job in hand - A number of
operatives work on the production line and each one does one part of the manufacture before
passing the product to the next person who…

Page 6

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Unit 3: Design & Manufacture Textiles Revision Notes

Vertical Manufacturing
Vertical manufacturing is where the company does their own designing, manufacturing and distribution,
and allows lead times to be shortened - Marks and Spencer and Zara are two popular high street retailers
who operate this system.

Communicating with International Manufacturers…

Page 7

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Unit 3: Design & Manufacture Textiles Revision Notes

Finished products are pressed before leaving the factory. A steam dolly is a specialist pressing machine
used for skirts trousers and dresses.
A steam dolly is used to press some garments.
The dolly is inflated inside the clothes using steam and air…

Page 8

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Unit 3: Design & Manufacture Textiles Revision Notes

These changes coincided with technological developments which allowed standard designs to be
adapted at low cost.
Products could be `mass customised' - individualised and adapted to different requirements at an
affordable price.
Mass production was about making more of the same &…

Page 9

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Unit 3: Design & Manufacture Textiles Revision Notes

More efficient planning of processes and machine requirements - This is particularly useful in
businesses with multiple manufacturing sites.
Visibility of all orders and their status - It provides the planner with a mechanism that can be used to
efficiently manage free…

Page 10

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Unit 3: Design & Manufacture Textiles Revision Notes

Computer modelling and simulation has made rapid progress in recent years and programmes have been
developed to allow complex manufacturing environments to be varied, tested and evaluated without the
need for expensive and disruptive factory floor trials.

CIM in Relation to Fabric…

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