A2 WJEC Geography - Holderness Coast Management

Each area along the coast has a seperate page described in detail the strategy and methods used.

The strategies used in the context of coastal processes and sustainability have been evaluated

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Holderness Coast Management
Sub cell name Holderness coast,
between 1d and 2a
Location and context (human and Flamborough head is a
physical) peninsula of 8 miles on
the Yorkshire coast of
England. There are
larger numbers and a
wider range of cave
habitats at Flamborough
than at any other chalk
site in Britain. The chalk
tower near Flamborough
head is the oldest in
England. The cliffs are
approximately 400 foot
Coastal Processes Only during times of
severe weather does
any sediment get round
the cliffs and enter the
littoral system from the
north. The chalk cliffs are
gradually eroded by
solution, abrasion,
attrition and hydraulic
action. The erosion rate
is 0-0.43 metres a year,
so very slow.
Coastal Defences No coastal defences
Environment (human and physical) Land use above the cliffs
is predominantly
agricultural, with some
open land for
recreational and
residential areas. This
use is mainly docks for
fishing, such as South
landing and Bridlington
Harbour. It is an area of
specific scientific
interest because of the
important invertebrate
species, coastal flora,
dolphins, whales and
bird species.
Issues The movement of
sediment between Filey
Bay and Bridlington Bay

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Page 2

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Holderness Coast Management
is an issue due to the
sensitive nature of
Bridlington Bay sands,
which are needed as
natural protection along
the coast, along with the
bays and harbours that
are the base for the
local fishing industry.
There is also an issue of
conservation due to the
unique nature of the
wildlife and
environment, which are
needed to conserve
heritage and recreation.
Management objectives 1. To provide the
fullest possible
protection to nature
conservation and
landscape resources
2.…read more

Page 3

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Holderness Coast Management
Advance the line Technically feasible, but costly and unnecessary. It would also
disrupt coastal processes that the managers are aiming to
Preferred option and reasons To do nothing, as the
chalk cliffs are retreating
at a very slow rate, and
the way in which they
are at the moment
prevents sediment from
being transported from
the northern littoral cell
into the system. Doing
nothing costs nothing
(surprisingly), making it
the most cost-effective
option.…read more

Page 4

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Holderness Coast Management
there is also a minor
sea port.
Coastal Processes Bridlington is in the
immediate shelter
of Flamborough
Head, which
provides protection
from the prevailing
north-easterly wind
coming down from
the North Sea. The
smithic sands are
also important in
providing protection
by dispersing wave
energy. There is
minor long shore
drift from South to
North at Bridlington,
as Flamborough
Head interrupts tidal
currents, creating a
clockwise rotation
Bridlington. There is
also some offshore
onshore movement.…read more

Page 5

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Holderness Coast Management
break up the wave
Environment (human and physical) Human: The
settlement is high
density urban with
properties as well
as tourism related
developments (such
as caravan parks,
promenades and
hotels). The harbour
facilities are used by
the fishing
community. The
quays and piers are
used by water
sports enthusiasts.
There is a lifeboat
station and a golf
course and a beach.
There's netting for
salmon, bass and
sole which takes
place in the north
and south of the
harbour.…read more

Page 6

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Holderness Coast Management
conservation is also
important. Yorkshire
waters sewage
treatment should
not be affected as
this would lead to a
decrease in water
quality. The
effective operation
of the RNLI station
depends on
Management objectives 1. To provide a
level of
protection for
and the local
importance of
tourism and
2. To save the
interests of the
3. To ensure
access for the
RNLI station and
fishing activities
4.…read more

Page 7

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Holderness Coast Management
and could have unsustainable consequences of the marine
Hold the line Meets most of the objectives, providing continued protection
for the urban area and our economic activities. It is technically
realistic, economically viable and environmentally acceptable. It
is recognised that longshore drift is restricted due to existing
defences, however transport rates in the vicinity appear to be
low and thus there is no evidence for the existing defences at
Bridlington are significantly affecting the sediment movement.
Future monitoring is recommended.…read more

Page 8

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Holderness Coast Management
Sub cell name Hornsea Coast
Location and context (human and Hornsea is a small
physical) seaside resort and a
2.9km stretch of
coastline, which
used to be in the
Pottery business
until the factory shut
down in 2000, and is
part of East Riding
of Yorkshire and
part of the
Holderness Coast.…read more

Page 9

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Holderness Coast Management
resulting from
overtopping of the
existing defences. In
particular, the
section of the
frontage from New
Road to Sands Lane
is subject to
flooding damages.
Coastal Defences The position of the
coastline at Hornsea
has been artificially
fixed since existing
coastal defences
were erected in the
early 1900s. Hard
defences in the
form of a concrete
seawall and timber
groynes afford
protection and an on
going refurbishment
programme ensure
this has continued.…read more

Page 10

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Holderness Coast Management
supports fishing
including beach
launched boats.
Near shore
waters are used
by fishing
vessels for
netting of bass,
sole, cod and
skate and
potting for
crabs and
Old Mere
Hornsea is an
review (GCR)
site in the
vicinity of
Stream Dyke.
Issues Hornsea's local
economy is
dependent on
the tourism and
There is
therefore a
need to
continue to
protect both the
town and these
local economic
against erosion
and flooding.…read more



Very detailed notes, thank you! :)

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