Assess whether development and governance are the
1 DEVELOPMENT-peoples basic health + nutritional status strongly correlate with thier ability to survive disasters. After hazards, people generally become undernourished and sick, less likely to be able to actively response to the disaster. 2 social development- health, education, housing etc., economic development-wealth and improvement of equality of life., enviromental development- resouce usgae., political development- values such as human rights, political freedom and democracy. 3 CASE STUDY- HAITI- 2010- 9000 people died from cholera } people who drank from the river became ill- low levels of development often are at the roof of disatsers. 4 development causes disaster= unsustainable development, practises that create unsafe working conditions and reduce enviromental quality. development reduces diaster= access to safe drinking water, food.(places that are further developed have the means to recover after a disaster)
5 GOVERNANCE- weak political organisation and political corruption make a population vulnerable in terms of disaster risk. 6 governance encompasses formal and informal arrangements and proceduces.
Evaluate the importance of re-branding to the succ
1 Rebranding- the reinvention of rural places to change the look or purpose of a place.
2* PAST OF THE LAKE DISTRICT- rebranded in 1951 as national park, failed to get national world heritage status. - outdoor recreation, outstanding resources- e.g mountains, rock climbing, hill walking.
3 WHY REBRAND?- larger market, increase investment, improve local lives.
4 OLYMPICS 2012- increased intrest in cycling and sailing- health and fitness and recreation.
5 NOW IN THE LAKE DISTRICT- Go Ape 2003, North Face mountain bike trail 2006, challanges in the Lake District- Fred Whitton challenge.
6 ADVANTAGES- Popular, 42,000 jobs, income generated. tour of britian cycle race- boosted economy £3million, gives residents something to do.
7 DISADVANTAGES- traffic congestion- travelling to Go Ape etc. Possible damage to rare-rock vegatation- climbing wall may put pressure on the stone cycle.
Assess whether sustainable managment schemes are a
Managed retreat- essex marshes
provides natural habitat
provides natural protection against coast
x low lying estuary area
x full force of water onto the coast
beach replenishement - mappleton
x no beach
x damages the landscape
1 Fastest eroding coastline 2m per year. Bedrock made of till.
2*processes acting upon coastline- marine erosion, longshore drift
*3 rock groynes- were built out to sea to stop process of long shore drift , protect beach from erosion and moving up the beach
4 strave beaches further down from sediment- stop people from using it
bad for enviroment- take alot to transport
Assess the impact of TNC's (transnational corporat
1 buisnesses distrupted around the world.
economic shift caused centre of gravity to shift to eastern countires such as china- more manifacturing.
open door policy allows fdi of tncs
china= winner because improved infra strucutre for living enviroment- escape a dollar a day.
more opportunitys for china= PHDS
loser- more industry so enviroment suffering
harmful gases into atmosphere can cause strokes etc.- decrease life expectancy
only provides jobs in urban areas and not rural areas.