A2 Sociology: Crime and Globalisation

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Crime & Globalisation
Refers to the increasing interconnectedness of societies.
Globalisation has many causes. For example, the spread of ICT; global mass media and cheap
air travel ­ new opportunities for crime.
Businesses can easily relocate to countries where profits will be greater.
Corporate crimes are increasingly global and transnational
The Global Criminal Economy
There has been a `globalisation of crime' across all national borders
Creates new opportunities for crime
A crime committed in one country, its perpetrators can be located in another.
W/o cooperation of other states, it makes it impossible for a police investigation in one
country to track down and convict offenders.
Argues that there is now a global criminal economy worth over 1 trillion per annum. Takes a number
of forms:
Arms trafficking (also known as gunrunning. It's the spreading of illegal weapons or
Sex tourism
Smuggling of illegal immigrants
The Global Criminal Economy Continued...
The global economy has a demand side and supply side
The supply is linked to the globalisation process
Third World drugs-producing countries such as Colombia and Peru have large populations of
the poor
For such groups, drugs a career is an attractive option that requires little investment
In Colombia 20% of the population depends on cocaine production for their livelihood
Global Risk Consciousness
o Globalisation creates new insecurities and produces a new mentality of `risk consciousness'
o Risk is seen as global rather than tied to particular places. Eg. Increased movement of
people seeking work or asylum
o This has given rise to anxieties among populations in Western countries
o Much of our knowledge comes from the media
o The media creates moral panics by portraying immigrants as a threat. For example, negative
coverage of immigrants and portraying them as terrorist. led to hate crimes.
o As a result, UK and many other countries such as Australia have toughened its border control.
Globalisation, capitalism and crime

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Taylor links global crime to the way the capitalist system has developed
Globalisation has created greater inequality and rising crime
It has allowed transnational corporations (TNCs) to switch manufacturing to low-wage
TNCs have produced a number of consequences which are felt by people throughout the
world such as widespread exploitation in many countries including the use of forced and child
Marketisation has encouraged people to see themselves as individual consumers, calculating
the personal costs and benefits of each action, undermining social cohesion.…read more

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Like climate change, many of these risks are global rather than local in nature.…read more

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Secondary: Crime that grows out of the breaking of rules aimed at preventing or regulating
environmental disasters. For example, governments often break their own rules and cause
environmental harm
1. State violence against oppositional groups: such as nuclear bombs or nuclear weapons
2. Hazardous and organised crime: Disposal if toxic waste from the chemical, nuclear and
other things is highly profitable.…read more

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Complete denial that any crime took place. "It didn't happen"
2. An attempt to change how the act or acts are described. Eg. "it was an accident" "it was
3. Providing a justification such as the state was protecting its members.…read more


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