First 358 words of the document:
Discuss the influences of childhood on later adult relationships
A01 Vertical Relationships (parent child) A01 Horizontal Relationships (peer)
(Parent has a higher status, power and (People have equal status power and
Shaver et al (1988) claimed that what we see as Qualter and Munn (2005) suggested that
love in childhood relationships actually consists children learn from their experiences with other
of three things, attachment, caregiving, and children.
sexuality. Nangle et al (2003) claimed that children's social
For example, a child with an insecure interactions act as a training ground for later
relationship with their mother in early life will social relationships. They learn trust, acceptance,
give them a distrustful blueprint which they use and understanding of others through
on relationships in later life, leading to insecure experiencing affection and assurance in
relationships in adult romantic relationships. friendship with other children.
Hazan and Shaver (1987) Provided Richard and Schneider - Gender differences
evidence that children categorised as stable are between peer to peer interactions: girls tend to
more likely to be categorised as stable in later have more intimate relationships than girls, and
life report feeling more secure in those friendships.
Hazan and Shaver (1987)- found that -suggests that the theory has been
securely attached adults had experienced an oversimplified by ignoring the role of gender in
attentive and responsive mother in early adult relationships.
Hazan and Shaver (1987) by transforming
Ainsworth's attachment types to something
more appropriate for adults, the varying types
were found as similar in percentage to childhood
Methodoligically invalid participants were Gender Bias- assuming two genders are equal
asked to report on their relationship when evidence suggests they aren't can result in
experiences, which is subject to social Beta Bias.
desirability bias and demand characteristics. Reductionist- due to the fact that gender is
These issues decrease the validity of the theory, ignored, this theory can be criticised as
and also the study. reductionist.