AQA Depression Revision Guide

This was created using my teachers booklet and the AQA complete textbook. Please not that despite attempting to create an accurate revision guide, this does not include everything you need in your exam. And other materials will need to be used alongside this.

Hope this helps.

HideShow resource information
Word Document 145.52 Kb

Pages in this set

Page 1

Preview of page 1







A2 Psychology Revision
Depression






Page 2

Preview of page 2
Key Words

Interrater Reliability Two (or more) interdependent assessors give similar scores.

Testretest Reliability A test is likely to produce the same results on two (or more) separate
occasions.

Content Validity Items in a test are representative of that which is being measured.

Concurrent Validity Measures whether a test corresponds…

Page 3

Preview of page 3
Diagnosis and Classification Of Depression
CLASSIFICATION ONE: DIAGNOSTIC CRITERIA OF THE DSM

Depression is classified under the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) as a
mood disorder. Most depressed individuals will suffer from only one type of depression (unipolar),
whereas others may experience stats of mania that alternate…

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Synoptic Observerbias.






CLASSIFICATION TWO: MEASURING SEVERITY USING THE BDI

What Is The BDI? The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) is a selfreport questionnaire designed to
measure the severity of symptoms in individuals with depression. Each question assesses a specific
symptom (items 114 measure psychological symptoms, while items 1521 measure physical
symptoms).…

Page 5

Preview of page 5
correlation of related symptoms, showing a
high construct validity.








Page 6

Preview of page 6
Biological Explanations Of Depression
EXPLANATION ONE: GENETIC FACTORS

Family Studies ­ Having a firstdegree relative (parent of sibling) with depression appears to be a
risk factor for depression. Family studies select people that already have depression (probands), and
examine whether their family members have or may have depression. Gershon (1990)…

Page 7

Preview of page 7
(By using already depressed patients and
adopted individuals).







Page 8

Preview of page 8
EXPLANATION TWO: BIOCHEMICAL FACTORS

Serotonin ­ Research has found that there is a link between low serotonin levels and depression.
Prozac and other antidepressant drugs (which block serotonin) have confirmed this link.
Delagdo et al (1990) gave depressed patients a diet which lowered tryptophan (a precursor of
serotonin) and found…

Page 9

Preview of page 9
Psychological Explanations Of Depression
EXPLANATION ONE: PSYCHODYNAMIC THEORIES

Mourning and Melancholia ­ According to Freud (1917) when a loved one is lost (through
bereavement or, for children, separation or withdrawal) there is a period of mourning, and then life
returns to normal. For some however this period of mourning does…

Page 10

Preview of page 10
their life, and so they become depressed (impairing their performance in situations that can be
controlled ­ a characteristic of depression).

Hopelessness ­ Abramson et al (1989) modified the helplessness theory, and explained
depression as a pessimistic expectation of the future. Some people with negative attributional styles
don't become depressed,…

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »