A2 OCR Biology- Biotechnology

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Emily Summers
2.2.4 Biotechnology
Biotechnology i
s t
he
indust
ri
al
use of
l
ivi
ng
organi
sms
or
par
ts
of
li
vi
ng
organi
sms
to
produce
food,
drugs
or
other
pr
od uct
s.
Purpose of Process Example Organisms Involved
Food
produ cti
on Cheese/
yo ghur
t The
b act
erial
(
lact
oba ci
ll
us)
gr
ow t
h in
milk
chang es t
he
t
extur
e
and
fl
avour of
the
mil
k t
o generate
new
foo d.
The
b act
eria
stops
g r
o wth
of
ot
her bact
e r
ia
that
w ould
spoi
l
the f
ood, so
it
's
a
pr
eservati
ve too
Drug
synt
hesi
s Peni
ci
ll
i
n The
fungu s,
Penici
l
li
um
gr
ow n
in cul
ture
produ ces
t
he anti
biot
ic
as a by
p r
od uct
of
i
t'
s metaboli
sm
Using bacteria and fungi is common in biotechnological processes, because the
microorganisms: (Revision Cards cut them out )

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