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Biotechnology and Gene Technologies
Cloning
Reproductive Cloning ­ new individuals with the genotype of the existing individual.

Non-reproductive Cloning ­ cells, not individuals, with the genotype matching the
individual.

Plants

Any form of asexual reproduction involving growth of new parts that can separate
from the parent is known as vegetative…

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Animals
Dairy cattle are cloned by using hormones that stimulate the ovaries to produce a large
number of eggs. This is known as superovulation. These eggs are harvested from the ovary
and fertilised in vitro by sperm from a superior bull. The zygotes divide by mitosis and the
resulting embryos…

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