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To what extent do political parties still have important functions in the US? (30 marks)
Point Evidence Significance Rebuttal
Parties no There is weak party discipline in Congress and lower levels of party voting. Means that legislation
longer have the o In June 2015, most House Democrats voted against Obama's Trade Adjustment and governing is less
important Assistance Act (TAA) and only 40 House Democrats voted in favour, therefore it effective.
function of unity lost by 302 to 126.…read more

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Explain how political parties are organised in the USA. (10 marks)
Point Evidence Significance
Definition. Parties are organised into national organisation (chair, headquarters, committees and Party organisation being
national convention), state organisation (chair, headquarters, committees and state decentralised and weak is significant
conventions), and local organisation (officers, committees and volunteers). because this means that there is less
This means that party organisation is decentralised and weak .…read more

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Assess the extent to which the two main US parties may still be characterised as organisationally weak and in
decline. (30 marks)
Point Evidence Significanc Rebuttal
e
Parties are The most significant reason for this is that America's size and diversity means that parties need to Could be
organisationall meet the needs of the varying demographics in different areas.…read more

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In the 1994 Congressional elections, the vast majority of House Republicans signed up for the campaigns they can donate
increased. "Contract With America", in which they pledged to introduce ten specific conservative bills if focusing on to candidates.
the Republicans won a majority. local issues,
o In the 2006 Congressional elections, Senate Democrats signed up for "A New Direction for therefore the
America" (Six For '06), which set out ideas for six broad priorities.…read more

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Examine the extent to which the Republican Party may be described as both fiscally and socially conservative. (10
marks)
Point Evidence Significance
The Fiscal conservatives believe in and support: The Republicans being
Republican o Low taxes to encourage incentives for working hard. fiscally conservative is
Party may be In 2003, Republican President George W. Bush reduced taxes on property and investments. significant because this
described as o Low public spending to encourage private initiative.…read more

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Examine the extent to which the Democratic Party may be described as both fiscally and socially liberal. (10
marks)
Point Evidence Significance
The Fiscal liberal believe in and support: The Democrats being
Democrati o High taxes to pay for welfare spending. fiscally liberal is
c Party In February 2009, Democratic President Barack Obama signed into law a 156% increase in the significant because
may be federal excise tax on tobacco. means that they are
described o High public spending to help those in need.…read more

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Assess the claim that the Democratic and Republican parties are now ideologically distinct. (30 marks)
Point Evidence Significanc Rebuttal
e
The parties Republicans believe in low taxes to encourage incentives for working hard, whereas May cause
are Democrats believe in high taxes to pay for welfare spending. economic
ideologicall o In 2003, Republican President George W. Bush reduced taxes on property and instability in the
y distinct investments.…read more

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Explain what is meant by describing US parties as internal coalitions. (10 marks)
Point Evidence Significance
Definition. Different members of the same party display very different values and principles on policy issues. Parties being internal coalitions
This is described as an "internal coalition", which means the party is actually just a coalition of means they can to appeal to a
the different ideological groups within itself.…read more

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